PSYA3 Psychology Intelligence- Information-Processing Approach


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InformationProcessing Approach to Intelligence
Can explain differences when it comes to intelligence between individuals. Is a process rather than a
measurable quantity.
The Triarchic Theory of Intelligence.
"Sternberg" underlying process of intelligence and the different forms intelligence can take.
3 distinct aspects.
1. Analytical Intelligence (componential)
Meta Components, ability to recognise nature of problem
Performance Intelligence, all strategies think of to solve problem
Knowledge Acquisition Components, new knowledge (e.g. process of choosing
2. Practical Intelligence (contextual)
Adaption, adapt to a change
Shaping, shape skills (e.g. writing A02 at A2)
Selection, select the right thing or appropriate material (e.g. in exam)
3. Creative Intelligence
Not only artistic, think of novel ways to solve problems (maybe by breaking
down a question
Research Support: "Berg & Sternberg" found younger adults are superior in all 3 aspects. Older
adults had more difficulty with contextual intelligence. This suggests that there are 3 aspects.
Also, if you teach children in a Triarchic way schools get better results.
"Williams" assessed the impact of `Practical Intelligence for Schools'
intervention which showed how to teach in Triarchic ways. Grades then went
"Goltfredson" Lack of empirical evidence/research as there are no published studies of
triarchic abilities.
Biologists would say that intelligence is genetic
`Processing Speed' "Ryan" processing speed positively correlated with IQ.
"Court and Raven" age matters, older primary school children have faster processing speeds
Cultural Bias, intelligence is not the same everywhere.
In Kenya intelligence is seen as knowing their environment.
Gender Bias, men and women may differ
Reductionistic only 3 aspects?
Deterministic, intelligence is fixed? Brain training games?


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