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Problems facing the Weimar Government
E November Criminals signed armistice 11th November 1918, Kaiser fled
E Germany=scapegoats, Germans felt `stabbed in the back'thought they'd win
E Forced to sign TofV, June 1919 Land, Army, Money, Blame
E Germans blamed Weimar Government, felt humiliated. Led to Invasion of
E Reichstag Government Kaiser ruled, not many had votes
E Undemocratic people didn't have a say in laws
E New constitution more voters, strong President, Proportional Representation, Article 48
E PR meant no parties had enough seats to for a majority government. Article 48 allowed
president to be a dictator
Name Who? What? Challenge?
Spartacist Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Wanted social revolution Easily defeated badly
Uprising Liebknecht= Left Wing 1/1/1919 Took over government prepared
vs Freikorps bureau, stopped by Freikorps Revolution stopped killed
100 spartacists and
Kapp Wolfgang Kapp, Angry about TofV Failed to win support
Putsch General Luttwitz=Right 3/3/1920 Luttwitz seized Berlin, Strike ensured they
Wing made Kapp chancellor couldn't move around
vs President Ebert Ebert called general strike doomed putsch
Kapp and Luttwitz fled
Munich Hitler and Nazi Party Sept 1923 general strike called Government told the army
Putsch Politicians Kahr and off, nationalists furious to stop the Nazis killed 14
Lossow= Right Wing Planned to take over, But 4/10, and Hitler sent to prison
Kahr and Lossow called of Showed politicians
rebellion. Hitler continued, took supported government,
over Beer Hall, and forced them however Hitler became
to support them however, they more famous.
then let them go.
E 1922 Germany fell behind in reparations France was determined to make Germany pay,
troops invaded the Ruhr (industrial area), Jan 1923. Government called for `Passive Resistance'.
E The government still had to pay people who were resisting which cost a lot of money. No
money was coming from the Ruhr and they still were paying reparations= Hyperinflation
E June 1923 Hyperinflation. As there was little money, government printed more, which
caused their value to fall.
E The German mark then became worthless middle class lost savings and companies went
bankrupt. However, farmer's crops became more valuable and poor people didn't have debts.
This eventually led to The Depression
Why did Germany hate the Treaty of Versailles?
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The Saar occupied of 15 years by France
AlsaceLorraine retuned to France, Colonies given to Britain/France
Polish Corridor divided Germany
Army reduced to 100,000
Not allowed submarines, air force or tanks
Had to pay 6.6 million in reparations
War guilt Germany alone were made responsible for the war
Felt betrayed, stabbed in the back, that Germany was no longer great,