Printable revision cards - Pride and Prejudice

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CONTEXT
1 Historical
"Pride and Prejudice" was published in 1813 during the
Regency period. England was at war with France. Many
men were in the army or militia.
CONTEXT Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
2 Social
Beginning of the Industrial Revolution ­ some tension
between landed and manufacturing classes. Primogeniture
system gave property to eldest son (cf. the Longbourn
entail).
CONTEXT Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
3 Literary
The novel was a relatively new literary form rapidly
becoming popular. Previous novelists had often written in
letter format. "Pride and Prejudice"'s initial draft had
been epistolary.
CONTEXT Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
4 Philosophical
The fear of revolution encouraged intellectual conservatism
but Austen was aware of new ideas such as Mary
Wollstonecraft's thoughts on women's rights and
education.
CONTEXT Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2

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Cultural
The Regency period was notable for architecture and
fine art. Distinctive fashions for men and women
emphasised good taste and `elegance' ­ a preoccupation in
"Pride and Prejudice".…read more

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STRUCTURE, FORM AND LANGUAGE
1 Structure
Chronological narrative following events in the characters'
lives. Novel structured into three volumes (cf. a three-
act play). Letters are used to move the action forward.
STRUCTURE, FORM AND Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
LANGUAGE
2 Form
A realistic novel with a carefully developed plot and
happy ending. The narrative point-of-view moves between
omniscient narrator, Elizabeth's consciousness and character
interactions through dialogue.…read more

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Tone
Austen's work was designed to be read aloud. Her
"Letters" reveal she regularly read aloud in her family
circle, and we can hear her ironic tone in the rhythm
of her sentences and through comic effects such as
bathos.
STRUCTURE, FORM AND Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
LANGUAGE
5 Expressing the unspoken
Words are not always adequate. Body language (looking
up or looking away, moving closer or drawing back,
changing colour) expresses powerful, inarticulate emotion.…read more

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LANGUAGE AND STRUCTURE
1 Voices
The secondary characters in particular speak in different
ways, including Mr Bennet's dry wit, Mr Collins's long-
winded pomposity and Mrs Bennet's excitable
exclamations.
LANGUAGE AND STRUCTURE Pride and Prejudice
2 Dialogue
There are many scenes in which plot and character are
developed through conversation, ranging from comic
chatter and intimate discussion to dramatic confrontation.…read more

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Change of place
Key developments of plot and character follow a change
of environment. For example, Elizabeth's visit to
Pemberley for the first time reveals Darcy to be a
considerate and responsible landlord and master.…read more

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THEMES
1 Pride and prejudice
Both Darcy and Elizabeth make mistakes ­ judging by
appearances either of social status or personal charm.
They learn to value qualities beneath the surface.
THEMES Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
2 Sense versus sensuality
In "Pride and Prejudice" there is potential tension
between economic reality and sexual self-indulgence.
Consider Charlotte Lucas versus Lydia Bennet.
THEMES Pride and Prejudice: AS & A2
3 Gender issues
Elizabeth demands equal treatment as a `rational'
creature.…read more

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Behaviour
Only the rich can behave as they like and the behaviour
of each family member affects the others.…read more

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