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Pride & Prejudice ­ Revision Notes
Historical Context

English society in late 18th and early 19th century = characterised by
wealth, family connections, property ownership, sharp stratification
Inheritance bestowed to eldest son
Younger sons could build fortunes through trade (Bingley, Sir William
Lucas, Mr Phillips, Colonel's Fitzwilliam and Forster, Mr…

Page 2

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The way in which the writer makes all the different elements of the book
hang together or fuse into a whole book
Dialogue ­ Lots of this in P&P ­ We the readers have be sensitive to irony
and imagine the characters only from their contribution to discussion ­…

Page 3

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Gardiner works as a lawyer (practise's trade) and does not live of the
interest of an estate like Mr Darcy


Austen portrays family as primarily responsible for intellectual and moral
education of children ­ Mr and Mrs Bennet fail to provide this for their
daughters = Lydia eloping and…

Page 4

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Lady Catherine doesn't like the idea of lower classes being able to work
their way up to becoming Gentlemen
The fact that Darcy and Bingley can overcome the class differences with
their wives demonstrates that these prejudices are hollow, unfeeling and
Austen portrays the servants in the novel as…

Page 5

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They are a `catalyst for change' in the novel
Elizabeth's first journey when she goes to see Charlotte and Mr Collins
brings her into contact with Darcy
Her second journey takes her to Derby and Pemberly ­ her affection grows
for Darcy
Third journey ­ pursuit for Lydia ­…

Page 6

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Lack all understanding
She doesn't care about the moral and social consequences of eloping with
Mr Wickham
Marriage for her is `very good fun' ­ Doesn't take it seriously
Although her disappearance causes family uproar it does ironically mean
that Darcy and Elizabeth will be reconciled
Has had bad role…

Page 7

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Charlotte Lucas hates him/ Despises Wickham at first but when he marries
Lydia she acts like nothing was wrong)

Mr Bingley:

Much the same as Jane in that he sees the best in everybody and is very
Neither him nor Jane develop as characters as the novel progresses due…

Page 8

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Truly unsympathetic to the Bennet's situation ­ demonstrated through his
letter about Lydia's elopement
Caught up in the trappings of rank and social order
Assumes Lizzy will marry him!

Lady Catherine De Bourgh:

She is a `fixed character' representing the extremes of snobbish pride and
She is a caricature…

Page 9

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Austen is very judgemental ­ her summaries and comments on characters
and events can sometimes be very judgmental and she often mocks
characters ­ Austen showing us here that nobody is free from prejudice
through her narration (It's a human thing)
As novel develops we are shown events from Elizabeth's…

Page 10

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One character can describe another ­ building on the idea of prejudice and
also reveals two characters at the same time

Setting and Place:

Houses reveal information about their owners
London ­ Fashionable & Trendy ­ In all of Austen's novel it is the venue for
shame, unkindness, and unhappiness…




Excellent !



Really clear and informative, thanks :)

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