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· Developed by Jeremy
Bentham, who was a
hedonist (pleasure seeker)
· He developed the principle
of utility, which was the
rightness or wrongness of
an action is determined by
its `utility' or `usefulness'.
· In other words, "The
greatest pleasure for the
greatest number"…read more

Slide 3

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· Was developed in the 20th
century by R.M. Hare and
more recently Peter
· Singer wanted a way of
decision making that
would take into account
the views of minorities.
· Preference Utilitarians
consider whether a
decision is right or wrong
by questioning whether it
fits in with what people
would realistically prefer.…read more

Slide 4

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· Singer said "Our preferences cannot count
any more than the preferences of others".
· He went on to say that everyone's individual
preferences must be taken into
consideration when deciding that what was
in the best interests of the group. By doing
this, everyone's opinions were equal.
· So in comparison to Bentham's theory,
minorities get a chance for their voices to be
heard.…read more

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· For example, in the
case of abortion,
preference utilitarians
say that the opinions
of the dad (of the
baby), her family and
doctors should be
taken into
consideration before
any rational decision
is made.…read more

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· Singer believed that the right thing to do is
what is in the best interests of the greatest
number, rather than calculating pleasure
against pain.
· Singer's approach focuses on minimising
pain rather than maximising pleasure,
because there is a more universal idea about
what causes pain than what gives pleasure.
· This is because pleasure is more down to
personal preference than pain is.…read more

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