Pre-Chartist Radicals, 1815-1820 (Condition of England Unit, OCR)

Powerpoint on the Pre-Chartist Radicals, 1815-1820, about the various movements, including trade unionism, utilitarianism and the 1832 Reform Act. For the Condition of England Unit 1815-1853 on OCR.

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Britain in 1815: Government Issues
Population Growth Rises in machinery led to
Urbanisation in the north the loss of many jobs,
of England in conjunction with
led to a huge nationwide economic
population boom turmoil following the War
with France.
Falling demands for textiles Demands for electoral reform
Loss of jobs for handloom ill-representation in the
weavers led to a Houses of Parliament, small
repercussive percentages of men able to
fall in demand, through vote; most being rich
fear of lack of supply via the landowners, creating a
threat of loss of livelihood class-based political
and family traditions. system of Whigs and Tories…read more

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Britain in 1815: Causes of the
Industrial Revolution
Improved Rise in
agriculture, population
More labour
e.g. new techniques in for industry
drainage and breeding
Growth of innovation,
factories Improved e.g. use of steam power
and towns transport, in textiles, coal and iron
e.g. canals industries…read more

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The Radical Campaign for Reform,
At the end of the war against France in 1815, most
people expected peace and prosperity; instead, there
followed five years of hunger, unemployment and a
wave of popular protest, threatening the government
with possible revolution:
Luddism, 1812-1815
Spa Fields, 1816
March of the Blanketeers, 1817
Pentrich Rising, 1817
Peterloo Massacre, 1819
Cato Street Conspiracy, 1820…read more

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Luddites, 1812 - 1815
Luddism was a popular movement among
young men who sought to destroy
factories and mills at night
The rise of new machinery was a direct threat to
tradition and livelihood
Inspired by a Robin Hood figure, Ned
Ludd, Luddism spread rapidly around
Nottinghamshire, Lancashire and Yorkshire
Attempts at retaining secrecy failed;
machine breaking a capital offence…read more

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Spa Fields Riot , 1816
December 1816 ­ Henry Hunt was due to
address a crowd in Islington, London, but a
small minority (influenced by Spencean
revolutionaries) started a small riot but
the majority were peaceful
Loyal crowd members called for lower
taxes and the reform of Parliament
After 700 separate petitions, they were
all dismissed or ignored…read more

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