Practical, Ethical and Theoretical Issues In Research Methods :D

P.E.T. issues encountered when researching in sociology.


  • Experiments
  • Surveys; Questionnaires
  • Interviews
  • Observation
  • Case studies
  • Official Statistics

Enjoy :D

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  • Created by: Fyzah :p
  • Created on: 29-02-12 10:23

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Research methods

Lab/ Field Experiments:-
This is when a hypothesis is empirically tested (through direct observation). In an experiment, an
independent variable (the cause) is manipulated and the dependent variable (the effect) is
observed/ measured; any extraneous variables are also controlled in order to test the

o Practical issues:…

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The researcher must ensure that the information provided by the respondent is kept
Participants must provide informed consent prior to completing the questionnaire, and
must be aware that they have the right to withdraw their information at any time during
the survey/ study.
The researcher must ensure that sensitive…

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Structured interviews may provide high reliability as a fixed set of closed questions are
used, which are easy to quantify ­ positivists would prefer structured interviews.
Structured interviews are fairly quick to conduct which means that many interviews can
take place within a short amount of time, so a large…

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As case studies are often carried out over a long period of time (longitudinal study) they
are seen as very time consuming.

o Ethical issues:
The researcher must ensure that they keep private details about the individual or group
being studied confidential.
The participant must be fully aware that the…


Isabella Swan .. Edward Cullen ***


well done! good notes :D



thank you very much



thank you very much

Aiste - Team GR


very useful ! thank you :)



thank you soooooo much after 1 week of looking for something useful which i could not find i found this thank you ever soooooo much

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