Slides in this set
According to Marxists, there are two classes: the bourgeoisie and the
These make the working class The working class are
believe in meritocracy as a way exploited by the rich and
of keeping conformity made to think it is fair
Owns the means of Works for the upper class
Believe in meritocracy, the idea
`Exploit' the that the harder you work the
working class more rewarded you will be and
according to the higher you can get in the
Marxists social ladder
They have the power to Religion is the
make change and `opium of the
effect the working people' according
class to Marx…read more
Class v's Religion
In Great Britain the church has been dominated by middle-class
membership as the Anglican church has failed to recruit members from
the modern urbanised working class.
Some protestant denominations, as well as Islam, Sikhism and
Hinduism, find that they get most of their followers from the working
Sects have been seen recruiting from disadvantaged people in society
by giving them a way out from the pressures people experience.
Although, they are not just for the poor and dissatisfied, they also recruit
from the rich and from those who have appear to have everything.
However, the link between class and religion is not completely clear as
there are so few people in sects and cults.
Religion is seen as acting as a `compensator' that offers rewards in the
future, either on earth or in heaven for living a `good life'.…read more
The purpose of religion
Marxists believe that religion works as a way of setting an
ideology. The working class learn to accept this way of life and so
not to challenge the upper class. If they do, religion defends the
Interest theorists argue that religion is a weapon in the struggle
for advantage between social groups and masks the real social
and financial conflicts.
Strain theorists argue that religion provides a scapegoat for
unpleasant events and legitimates the strains in terms of higher
being. Religion makes it okay and gives justification to why
certain things happen to you and not others.…read more
`Opium of the people' -
Four ways that religion helps the oppressed class, the proletariat:
Christianity promises salvation in the afterlife free from
restrictions and misery which makes suffering more bearable
Religion compensates for any pain and inequality. Those that
live in poverty with dignity will be rewarded.
Jehovah's witnesses believe that a supernatural force will
descend from heaven to create arcadia on earth.
The hymn `All Things Bright and Beautiful' describes how God can
be seen as justifying his creation and order of the social structure.…read more
Quick test- 6 seconds to
Who has the power to change things in society?
The proletariats can change things in society that affect the working class
Religion is seen as acting as a what? that offers rewards in the future,
either on earth or in heaven for living a `good life'.
Marxists believe that religion works as a way of setting a what?
Religion compensates for any what?
pain and inequality. Those that live in poverty with dignity will be