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History
Freud used hypnotic techniques to find evidence
that unconscious thoughts and feelings could
cause pathological symptoms like hysteria. By
using hypnosis and free association, Freud's
patients were able to bring their unconscious
and forgotten thoughts and feelings into
conscious thought and then Freud could use
these to cure them. Freud developed his own
approach ­ Psychoanalysis, in the 1890's.…read more

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The tripartite structure of personality
· The ID biological part based on instincts
and drives. Motivated by the pleasure
principle
· The Ego this is motivated by the reality
principle
· The Superego motivated by the anxiety
principle…read more

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The Defence Mechanisms
Freud argues we display many defence mechanisms
in order to protect ourselves from anxiety that
could drive from the conflicts between the
tripartite personality.
1) Repression ­ unwanted/disturbed thoughts and
feelings which remain hidden
2) Denial ­ not aware that anything happened,
though it did
3) Displacement ­ placing your feelings onto
something else…read more

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Freud's Psychosexual stages of
development
· Freud suggested that our personalities and
behaviours are a result of how we respond to
our internal drives at different psychosexual
stages of development...…read more

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Stage 1) ORAL (0-1 years)
Characteristics of this stage include:
Sucking with the mouth being a source of
pleasure
The ID is in control
Fixation (not completing the stage) may be
caused by over indulgence and frustration…read more

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