Powerpoint help with French Tenses


This is what I used when I did AS and A2 French as I frequently got muddled up between tenses.

This includes present, perfect, imperfect, conditional, immediate future, future, pluperfect, subjunctive.

I hope this is useful to you, if it is please give me some positive feedback thankyou :)

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Perfect Tense
The perfect tense expresses completed actions in the past. E.g. "I have played" or "I played" .
Some verbs take "avoir" and others take "être".
Most verbs take the present tense of avoir to form perfect tense but the "moving" verbs take
With verbs which take être, the past participle must agree with the subject of the verb, adding
a final ­e or ­s or ­es. E.g. je suis arivée
The only time that the verbs which take avoir have to agree with the subject is when there is a
direct object before the verb. E.g. J'ai fabriqué une tasse que j'ai ramenée à la maison
These are verbs which take être: aller, arriver, entrer, montrer, naître, retourner, rester,
devenir, venir, partir, sortir, descendre, mourir, rentrer, tomber and revenir.
Regular past participles
-er verbs - é -ir verbs - i -re verbs - u
trouver - trouvé finir - fini vendre - vendu
Irregular past participles
eu, bu, connu, couru, dû, dit, écrit, été, fait, lu, mis, mort, né, ouvert, pu, pris, reçu, su, venu,
Je n'ai pas fait grand chose ­ MAKE SURE THAT NEGATIVE GOES AROUND THE
AVOIR/ETRE PART.…read more

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Imperfect Tense
Imperfect tense is used for:
A general description in the past "she felt bad, it was good"
A continuous/repeated action in the past "I was watching TV (when)"
A repeated habitual action in the past "I used to play netball"
Take "nous" form of a verb and take off the ­ons.
Remember that etre is an exception... and is ét-
Endings Example: faire o Imperfect of être en train de... + infinitive
translates as "__ was just in the middle of"
je -ais je faisais
o With depuis, translates as "had been doing"
tu -ais tu faisais
o Venir de + infinitive translates as "had just done"
il -ait il faisait
nous -ions il faisions o After si, when main verb is in conditional (si j'
vous -iez vous faisiez
ils -aient ils faisaient o After si when making a suggestion... (what if we
went out tonight?)…read more

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Immediate Future & Future
Use the immediate future to talk about the near future to say something is "going to"
It is made up of the present tense of aller and the infinitive.
thetélécharger cette
future tense whenchanson ­ Ipredictions
to make am going to download
and this song.
statements ­ something "will" happen.
Regular Verbs
endings regarder choisir répondre remember ... the verbs
je -ai regarderai choisirai repondrai ending in ­re ... get rid of
the e on the end and then
tu -as regarderas choisiras repondras add the endings.
il -a regardera choisira repondra
nous -ons regarderons choisirons repondrons
vous -ez regarderez choisirez repondrez
ils -ont regarderont choisiront repondront
Irregular Verbs (just add the endings above)
aller: ir...
avoir: aur...
devoir: devr... savoir: saur...
envoyer: enverr... venir: viendr...
etre: ser... voir: verr...
faire: fer... vouloir: voudr...
pouvoir: pourr... falloir: faudr...…read more

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Conditional Tense
Conveys "would/should/could" e.g. to talk about what would happen/how something
would be.
Get the future stem and add the conditional endings (which are dentical to the imperfect
endings regarder choisir répondre
je -ais regarderais choisirais repondrais
tu -ais regarderais choisirais repondrais
il -ait regarderait choisirait repondrait
nous -ions regarderions choisirions repondrions
vous -iez regarderiez choisiriez repondriez
ils -aient regarderaient choisiraient repondraient
Je jouerais au hockey ­ I would play hockey
Elle finirait ses devoirs ­ She would finish her homework
Quel message laisseriez-vous? ­ What message would you leave?
Vous devriez aller au cinéma plus souvent ­ You should go to the cinema more often
Future perfect and conditional perfect: what "will have happened" Formed from future of
avoir/être and a PAST participle.
Dans un mois, j'aurai pris poids ­ In a month I will have put on weight
Je serai allée en France ­ I will have gone to France.…read more

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Pluperfect Tense
In English, the pluperfect is a compound tense used to talk about what "had happened"
Made up of the imperfect of avoir/être
For the être verbs, the past participle must agree with the subject.
avoir verbs e.g. faire être verbs e.g. aller
j'avais fait j'étais allé(e)
tu avais fait tu étais allé(e)
il avait fait il était allé(e)
nous avions fait nous étions allé(e)s
vous aviez fait vous étiez allé(e)(s)
ils avaient fait ils étaient allé(e)s
Il a dit qu'il avait commencé à jouer au handball à l'école
He said that he had started to play handball at school
Elle a expliqué qu'elle était arrivée trop tard
She said that she had arrived too late…read more

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This is a really helpful resource, it helped me improve my tenses (one of my weak points) dramatically. Great job, definitely recommend!!


Helpful resource but I think on the first slide with the present tense and a list of regular verbs, there is a mistake. For RE regular verbs the endings are s, s, -, ons,ez, ent.  Donner (the example given) is an ER verb, a correct verb would be descendre for instance.


Thank you so much this helped a lot!! :)

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