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Usually MPs are expected to vote according to the beliefs of their political party.
However, sometimes MPs are allowed to vote according to their own personal beliefs
and convictions. This is called a free vote, and is usually on a sensitive moral issue, e.g.
abortion. MPs should also always consider the impact of a law on the people in their
MPs have additional responsibilities towards their constituents. They are responsible
for helping local people to sort out problems, e.g. with housing, transport or education.…read more

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Spending and taxing
What does the government spend?
The government spends its money on a wide range of services. The pie chart below
shows the main areas of spending and the proportion spent on each area. The way it is
divided up varies a little from year to year but the overall picture stays much the same.
In 2005 total public spending was around £519 billion, around £8,700 for every man,
woman and child in the UK.…read more

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Where does the money come from?
The money, or government revenue comes from taxation or borrowing. See the pie
chart below to find out which tax provides the most revenue for government.
Sources of Government revenue in 2005
The Treasury is the government department that is responsible for the economy and the
Chancellor of the Exchequer is the member of the cabinet who is responsible for the
Treasury. The Chancellor announces each year to the public how the government will
raise and spend its money.…read more

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At the end of the day, ballot papers are counted carefully and the
winner announced to the public by the returning officer.
Many people are concerned about voter apathy and falling voter turnout (the number of
people who vote). In the 2005 general election only 62% of the electorate voted. The
government has introduced postal voting to try to increase the number of people voting,
but this has led to fraud in some areas.…read more

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Citizens can join a protest or sign a petition to express concern about a particular
issue or policy. You can now email the Prime Minister or your MP from the
Parliament website.
Check your understanding ­ make sure you've learnt the key words from Power
and Politics Part 1 first.
1. What is a constituency?
2. List the three parts of parliament?
3. Which body in the UK makes laws?
4. What is the relationship between parliament and government?
5.…read more

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Give reasons for your opinion, showing you have considered another point of view. You
should support your arguments with examples wherever possible.
To answer the question above, you could consider the following points and other
information of your own.…read more


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