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6. Power and Politics ­ Part 2

The UK political system

Britain is a constitutional monarchy and the queen is the head of state. Our parliament
is made up of the House of Commons and House of Lords which debate and vote on all
laws and the queen has to…

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Usually MPs are expected to vote according to the beliefs of their political party.
However, sometimes MPs are allowed to vote according to their own personal beliefs
and convictions. This is called a free vote, and is usually on a sensitive moral issue, e.g.
abortion. MPs should also always consider…

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Spending and taxing

What does the government spend?

The government spends its money on a wide range of services. The pie chart below
shows the main areas of spending and the proportion spent on each area. The way it is
divided up varies a little from year to year but…

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Where does the money come from?

The money, or government revenue comes from taxation or borrowing. See the pie
chart below to find out which tax provides the most revenue for government.

Sources of Government revenue in 2005









The Treasury is the government department that is responsible for the economy…

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into a ballot box. At the end of the day, ballot papers are counted carefully and the
winner announced to the public by the returning officer.

Many people are concerned about voter apathy and falling voter turnout (the number of
people who vote). In the 2005 general election only 62%…

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Citizens can join a protest or sign a petition to express concern about a particular
issue or policy. You can now email the Prime Minister or your MP from the
Parliament website.


Check your understanding ­ make sure you've learnt the key words from Power
and Politics Part 1 first.…

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Give reasons for your opinion, showing you have considered another point of view. You
should support your arguments with examples wherever possible.

To answer the question above, you could consider the following points and other
information of your own.
Do voters always choose candidates whose political views they share?
Do…

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