Post freudian - Adler & Erickson

PsyB4 Post freudian comparison with freud

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Alfred Adler ­ Post Freudian
Main assumptions
There is a single force behind all our behaviour & experiences, this is called
"striving for perfection" ­ This refers to the desire to fulfil our full potential
and to come closer to our ideal self
Before this force was called "striving for superiority" this refers to the urge
to strive towards perfection ­ Also refers to the idea that we want to be
better than others, than better in our own rights
Motivation is matter of moving towards the future than being driven by
past experiences. This takes out necessity in things and leaves room for
Three basic childhood experiences lead to a faulty lifestyle:
1. Organ inferiorities ­ Strong sense of inferiority
2. Pampering ­ Doesn't learn to do things self, and later discovers truly
inferior. Doesn't learn to deal with people than command them to do
3. Neglect ­ Learns inferiority and selfishness as to trust no one
The order you were born into the family affects your personality
To understand human, we have to approach them as a unified wholes than
a collection of bits and pieces. Understand in context of their social and
physical life
Adler's therapy was more face-to-face and not appear authoritarian
Comparison with Freud
Alder takes a more holistic view while Freud takes a more reductionist
Adler states that our past does not drive future behaviour, where A & B
happened so C & D must.
It is more optimistic with room for change
Takes interactionist view same as Freud ­ innate disposition that had to be
nurtured to survive
For both Freud and Adler daydreams were important for analysis
Client being resistance seen as not courageous enough to give up neurotic
lifestyle, whereas Freud stated it was "repression"

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Erik Erikson ­ Post Freudian
Main assumptions
Greatest influence on psychological development is social interactions with
other people
Concerned with development of ego identity, which is the conscious sense
of self we develop through social interaction with others ­ according to Erik
our ego identity is continuously change due to new experience and
knowledge we acquire overtime
He also believed that sense of competence acts as a motivating factor for
behaviour and actions
Qualitative ­ stages; Quantitative ­ Ego becoming stronger
Development takes place in…read more


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