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History: The Making of Modern Britain
Section 1: The postwar consensus? 195164
Postwar prosperity and Conservative dominance, 195764
1. When and where was Macmillan's July 1957 at the Bedford football ground.
'never had it so good'speech? (3)
2. What two messages did the speech convey? (2) 1. The spread of affluence
2. Warnings of the perils of inflation and the 'nightmare of
3.What was Macmillan like in terms of "A man of many contradictions". He
personality? (3) was famous for his elegance and
calm, but often threw up due to
nerves before speeches.
4. For which constituency was Macmillan the MP during StocktononTees.
the 1930s? (1)
5. How does Rowe describe Macmillan's political views? "Classic post-war consensus."
6. What did the Conservative majority go up to in October 100 seats.
7. What was the 1957 financial crisis? (2) 1. Inflation was rising because wages were running far
ahead of productivity
2. There was a run on the pound, with the danger that the
pound would have to devalue against the dollar
8. What did Macmillan's chancellor, Thorneycroft, What would later be known as monetarism limiting
believe in? (2) wage increases and cutting the money supply.
9.What was Macmillan's response to 1. He wanted to keep up an expansionisteconomic
2. When Thorneycroft proposed dramatic spending cuts in
1958, Macmillan overruled him
10. Who resigned due to the 1957/8 financial crisis? (3) Thorneycroft, Powell and Birch.
11. What did Macmillan call the resignations? (1) "A little local difficulty"
12. What did the budget of April 1959 provide? Why was £370 million in tax cuts due to the expansion of the
this? (2) economy.
13. What was the total Labour vote in 1951? (1) 14 million.
14. When did Ernest Bevin die? (1) 1951.
15. When did Attlee resign? (1) 1955.
16. Who became Gaitskell's shadow chancellor? (1) Harold Wilson.
17. What did Alan Bullock say about the 1959 election? "Forthe past fifteen years the country
(1) has been moving towards equality;
now this process may start going
18. When were Britain's first tests of the atomic bomb and 1952 and 1957.
the hydrogen bomb? (2)
19. When was the CND formed? (1) 1958.
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How many people took part in the demonstration in 8,000.
21. Who became leader of the TGWU in 1956? (2) Leftwinger Frank Cousins.
22.What did Gaitskell famously say at "Fight and fight again to save the
the Scarborough conference in 1960? party we love"
23. What was notable about the 1959 Labour conference? It could be seen as a missed opportunity to modernise
(3) Gaitskell wanted to abolish Clause Four, but backed down
without putting it to vote.
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The sense of growing impatience with the old
'Establishment' and the desire for generational change, as
shown through satire
4. Increased support for Labour, now led by the more
5. The Labour split was over
6. Labour could exploit the powerful public mood that it
was 'time for a change' their slogan 'Thirteen years of
Tory misrule' proved very effective.…read more