Population Policies- Geography AS/A2

Hi! I made this specifically for the OCR A2 Level geography, but Im sure it can be used for other exam boards as well.

Check out my other revision notes as you may also find them helpful.

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  • Created by: James
  • Created on: 23-06-11 16:40
Preview of Population Policies- Geography AS/A2

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France Sweden Singapore China
Pro Natalist Pro Natalist Pro Natalist then Anti Anti Natalist
·At stage 4 of DTM ·Low population growth for much ·Facing decline in population and ·High BR and low DR in 1950s-60s
·Falling BR and DR & very slight of 20th Century in fertility rate---> fewer people of due to better food and medicine--->
natural population increase ·1940s-law prevented working age to support older rapid natural increase
·Falling BR due to better access employers from dismissing population ·1963 baby boom- population
to family planning and families women because of marriage, ·From late 1950s to the 1970s increased by 55m every 3 years
pursuing work over family pregnancy or childbirth population growth of 4% per year- ·1970s concerned that its carring
·Better health care lowers DR ·Mid 1940s child allowance Gov slogan "two (children) is capacity would not be sufficient to
·FR has fluctuated form 1950s but was introduced ---> peak of enough" support a population growing in the
has slowly steadily risen from 90s 2.5 children per couple ·Population declines too much future
to almost the replacemnt level of ·Fear of aging population ·1984 gov stimulates population as ·One child policy emerged
2.1 pop growth level was below
replacement level of 2.1
·Policy brought in when fertility rate One Child Policy
·18 month paid maternity leave by ·1986 gov tries to increase birth
was 1.3 in the 1990s gov rate
·Three-year paid parental leave with ·10% extra salary to parents with one
·Woman could now work and have ·Incentives:
guaranteed job protection upon child
a family--->fertility rate rose to 2.5 · tax rebates for third children
returning to the workforce; ·Free child education
in 1960s- BUT only temporary as ·subsidies for daycare
·Universal, full-time preschool ·Priority housing
woman found it difficult to manage ·priority in school enrollment
starting at age three; ·Better jobs for parents
family & job for children from large ·Fines for disobedient families that could
·Subsidized daycare before age ·The birth rate fell in the 1970s to families, bankrupt family
three; 1.6 children per woman ·priority housing ·Free contraception and family planning
·Stipends for in-home nannies; and ·Economic growth and genourous advice
·Monthly childcare allowances that government parental benefits But still fertility rate per woman ·Created an imbalance of genders- boys
increase with the number of children favored due to manual labour and family
helped to increase birth rate in was 1.44 (much less than the
per family. name.
1980 to 2.5 per woman as woman needed 2.1)
could now manage more easily ·Gov funded matchmaking and ·During 1990s the crude birth rate was
·Mortality rates low 8.9/1000 due to so low that China faced an aging
work and family. romantic trips for couples
better medicine population
·Now face aging population ·Encouraged marriage
·Now faces threat of old population ·Now government is considering a three
·People still put work before family ·Ver expensive. Will it work?
as 15% of population are over 65 child policy to maintain its cheap labour

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