Population Dynamics

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 14-06-11 12:02
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POPULATION DYNAMICS
Changing population structure e.g. ageing population in the UK
Ageing population: Increasing number of people are over 65 (16% in the UK)
CAUSES CONSEQUENCES SOLUTIONS
A Better healthcare: people live longer. Free childcare for grandchildren Abolish state
g pensions
ei
n
g
P
o
p
ul
at
io
n
Better education about diet, smoking Increased expenditure in some Raise retirement age
etc. industries: tourism/leisure
Sewerage systems More time for the family Increase taxes
Vaccinations More money given in pensions
Need for sheltered housing, hospital
beds, healthcare
Fewer economically active
Sh Better education Less money as benefits Pro-natalist policy
ri (see below)
nk
in
g
Y
o
ut
hf
ul
P
o
p
ul
at
io
n
More access to and contraception More jobs available= less competition
Career-based women Less maternity/paternity leave
Education Small classes = better education
Low IMR Less money for education
Availability of contraception Less economically active
Decline in services
Youthful population e.g. Uganda
Youthful population: Majority of people are under 16, in Uganda this is 50% of the population.
CAUSES CONSEQUENCES SOLUTIONS

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Lack of contraception More economically active in Increase availability of and access
the future to contraception
Little knowledge of Strain on health care Improve healthcare to reduce IMR.
contraception
Women aren't career based but Soon (10 years) children will Educate children about
mainly stay in the home to care be of child bearing age contraception and reproduction.
for the family and one of their causing a massive increase in
main roles is to have children. the population.…read more

Page 3

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Poverty: More money spent on healthcare
5%
undernou
rished
Lack of More money spent on education
education
Rising Little undernourishment
unemploy
ment
(mining
isn't
profitable
)
Poor Higher wages ($6.75 per hour)
healthcar
e
Low Less unemployment more job opportunities
wages:
$3.…read more

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Trend: decreasing No preference towards those with relative
in UK
Population growth varies due to: Birth rate, death rate, migration
Growth: exponential
Development: causes variation in population growth
Overpopulation: Too many people for the resources available
Optimum population: Enough workers, not too many people for the resources available
Under population: Not enough workers
Demographic Transition Model…read more

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