Population Change - One Child Policy - China

Background of China - pre OCP

Development of China

Enforcement of OCP


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  • Created by: Yarnie
  • Created on: 18-04-12 17:08
Preview of Population Change - One Child Policy - China

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Pre-1960's, China was less economically developed therefore the industry
there was mainly primary. During the 1960's China began to develop and
factories were built, this made technology more widely available. As the
country developed it meant there was provision of better healthcare, better
education and an increase of imported goods. All these factors would help to
develop the whole country.
However the birth rate was still high and so was the infant mortality rate and
so the one child policy was introduced after the Government realised that
because of their current rate of population increase there would not be
enough resources to provide for the population.
How it was enforced:
If you had one child the family would receive:
Free education for the child
Free healthcare for the child
Tax breaks
If you had a second child:
You would have to pay a large fine
Some women had forced sterilisations
You had to pay for your children's education and healthcare
Social stigmatism
The main benefit of enforcing the policy was that the overall population in
China was reduced. However there were many disadvantages such as
infanticide, a generation of boys who were pampered and given lots of
attention (known as the little emperor generation) and a general gender
imbalance due to the social preference to sons. Also the Government were
blamed for the masses of deaths caused by the terrible treatment of women
who were forced to have abortions and the lack of hygiene used.


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