AS Geography - Population and resource crisis in Mauritius

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  • Created on: 03-04-13 17:30
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Population and Resource crisis in Mauritius.
Total area: 1860 sq km
Natural resources: arable land, fish
Unemployment rate: 2.4% (1991 est.)
Agriculture: accounts for 10% of GDP about 90% of cultivated land in sugarcane other products ­ tea, corn, coffee,
potatoes, bananas, pulses, cattle, goats, fish, net food importer especially of rice and fish
Climate: tropical
Soils: fertile
Exports: Sugar 32% garments 31% furniture/ plastics 32% others 5%
Population:
1992: 1,094,000
2025: 1,365,000
Urban Population: 41%
Population growth rate: 1.45%
Population doubling time: 47.8 years
Birth rate: 21/per 1000
Fertility rate: 2.17/per woman
Death rate: 6.5/per 1000
Contraception use: 75.4% of married women
Infant mortality rate: 20.4/per 1000
Here is an example of a rapid growing population, however the government has
coordinated efforts to improve standards of living in spite of this population
pressure.
Human Expansion:
In the 1950s Mauritius was facing a 'Malthusian crisis' when the relationship between
its population and resources became unbalanced. A sharp decline in the death rate
followed by a rise in birth rate mean that increased popular pressure on the economy,
which was almost reliant on sugar production.
Falling birth rates:
In response to the population increase, by 1953 the Mauritian government have
developed an organised family planning programme. This aimed to:
· Improve the social position of the people
· Improve the status of women

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Restrict early marriage
· Provide better health care
· Encourage emigration
· Set up an integrated family planning service
Network of government health and family planning clinics developed and by 1985 only
14% of the urban population and 11% of the rural population were more than 30
minutes travelling time from a clinic.
Other Factors:
· Change in attitudes to family size
· Postponement of marriage
· Female education improved
· Work opportunities for women
· 22.…read more

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