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Population Density
Population density is the average amount of people per square kilometre. The formula for working
out the population density is:

Population density = total population divided by total land area in km2

Birth rate
The average number of births per 1000 people per year

Death rate

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Ageing population
This means that the majority of the population is over working age and retired. This means that they
are not economically active, and that they depend on people to fund them. Unlike a youthful
population, they will never become economically active, and are a drain on the economy…


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