Politics Unit 1 Elections and Voting

Clearly describes:

  • the functions of elections
  • theories of representation
  • current voting systems used in the UK
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Elections and representation

UK democracy is largely based on the nature of its electoral system, which itself is based
on the principles of:
Universal adult suffrage
One vote per person
Secret ballot
Competition amongst candidates and parties

They are the main link between the government and the people (the electorate).…

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individual politicians, carries out representation in this theory. Politicians serve their
constituents not by thinking independently, but by sticking to party lines.

BUT A variety of non-rational factors affect people's choice in elections
Unlikely people support entire manifestos, but merely key principles
Difficulty in forcing gov'ts to carry out manifestos…

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using FPTP. Rest filled by part-list system. Electors cast two votes. Uses D'Hondt method
to calculate seats.

Balances constituency representation and fair representation
More proportional, but still chance of strong government
BUT
Creates ambiguous roles for the `top-up members'
Less effective constituency representation ­ bigger constituencies and proportion
of representatives…

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