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THE EXECUTIVE

DEFINITION
The branch of government which has sole authority and responsibility of the daily
administration of the state.
The PM is head of the executive
Executive power based at 10 Downing Street. Includes PM, his/her office, cabinet and its
committees

ROLE/FUNCTIONS OF PRIME MINISTER
Head of the executive…

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FACTORS GREATER POWERS
good electoral performance (Thatcher and Blair both won 3)
policy success (legit of PM)
media for the PM economy
Personality
economy
FACTORS LIMITING POWERS
varying support in party
size of majority FPTP favour labour
state of economy
party divisions
coalition
media

PM'S REALTIONSHIP WITH CABINET
PM chairs…

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COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
when appointed to government have to accept collective responsibility
money and resources are scarce so would not want ministers to act on best interests
for department
treat all business as confidential and do not leak to the press
support policies even if disagree with them otherwise resign (Short…

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Civil servants have to carry out what ministers say even if they feel they are ignorant or
wrong

KEY DEVELOPMESNT IN THE CORE EXECUTIVE
Support team has grown in No. 10 over recent years (Tony Blair went from 100 to over
200 people working for him, including Jonathan Powell and…

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