Slides in this set
Chinese leadership's long term goals
·Continue China's growth to ensure domestic stability and China's Regional Impact
the Party's rule ·All regional states have strong trading links with China and
·Promote global stability to ensure security and development. it plays an important part in regional affairs e.g. talks with
·Become the leader in its region North Korea over nuclear weapons. It is trying to increase
·Raise its status as a great power its influence over regional security, as with the SCO.
·Ensure the security of its key resources. ·In military terms, China aspires to regional dominance and
· Settle regional disputes and recover Taiwan, (could lead to a is improving its ability to blunt the USA's technological lead
military confrontation with the US if it tries to do so through violence). - e.g. anti-satellite missile test in 2007.
·War with the West seems unlikely (would devastate China's ·It is also developing a navy capable of operating further
relations afield, however, and modernising its nuclear arsenal.
·with the West and cripple economic growth) but the CP might
stir nationalism to head off internal dissent and risk a
China's Rise to
China's Global Influence Political/Ideological
·China's modern, authoritarian leadership and state guided
capitalism is more attractive in some parts of the world than
China's Global Influence - Economic western principles of liberalism, democracy and the free
·China may it has joined the WTO and its impact market.
on the world economy makes it an economic great ·China's need for resources and willingness to offer loans
power. without strings has established close relations with `pariah'
·Environmentally significant - according to the states like Iran, Myanmar, Sudan and Zimbabwe.
Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency it ·The West's ability to shape policies of poorer countries
overtook the US to become the largest producer of through `soft power' (insisting on `good governance', free
carbon dioxide in 2006. markets and respect for human rights in return for aid and
·It is taking a closer interest in regions important to trade concessions) is being eroded.
it, especially where its imports of oil or other raw ·China is taking a more active role in UN peacekeeping but is
materials come from has developed close ties willing to shield its partners from Western criticism e.g. it has
with a number of countries in Asia, Africa and S resisted tough sanctions against Sudan over Darfur.
America. ·Nevertheless, China wants to be seen as a
·China is already Africa's third largest responsible UNSC member and has agreed to
trading partner after the US and France. sanctions on Iran's nuclear trade and also urged
Sudan to accept UN Peacekeepers.…read more
China's Attitude to World Order/Unipolarity
·China does not accept US dominance and calls for a multipolar
·It is prepared to cultivate a working relationship with the US
despite political differences, as it plays a key role in regional
security and is the biggest market for Chinese goods, and relations
improved after 9/11.
·However: it is trying to reduce US influence in its own region, for
instance through the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation (SCO) in
Central Asia (China, Russia and 4 central Asian states), which
called in 2005 for the removal of US troops from member states.
·It seeks to counter US dominance by calling for a democratic
world order e.g. peaceful coexistence and non-interference in
With Other States China's Relations With Other States (Not USA)
·Some neighbouring states are also apprehensive
about China's growing power, above all Japan, which
has been alarmed by the Party's willingness to gain
popularity by whipping up popular anti Japanese
US Attitude to China nationalism.
·The increase in China's arms spending, its failure ·Several other neighbours such as Singapore,
to move towards democracy and its increasing Indonesia and even Vietnam want links with the US to
assertiveness globally has worried political and balance China.
military leaders in the US. ·Further afield, its links with Myanmar and Pakistan
·However, the Bush administration has concern India.
abandoned its initial, confrontational stand and ·Russia has shown signs of wanting to draw closer to
stressed the interests of both powers in China to counter US dominance for instance, the 2
cooperation, e.g. against terrorism, proliferation of countries held joint military exercises in 2005. However,
WMD etc. Russia may also find a Chinese superpower on its
·Congress is increasingly pressing for action to borders a threat in the longer term, especially to its
reduce China's trade surplus with the US, based sparsely populated and resource-rich eastern
on its cheap labour force and undervalued territories.