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China's Attitude to World Order/Unipolarity
·China does not accept US dominance and calls for a multipolar
·It is prepared to cultivate a working relationship with the US
despite political differences, as it plays a key role in regional
security and is the biggest market for Chinese goods, and relations
improved after 9/11.
·However: it is trying to reduce US influence in its own region, for
instance through the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation (SCO) in
Central Asia (China, Russia and 4 central Asian states), which
called in 2005 for the removal of US troops from member states.
·It seeks to counter US dominance by calling for a democratic
world order e.g. peaceful coexistence and non-interference in
With Other States China's Relations With Other States (Not USA)
·Some neighbouring states are also apprehensive
about China's growing power, above all Japan, which
has been alarmed by the Party's willingness to gain
popularity by whipping up popular anti Japanese
US Attitude to China nationalism.
·The increase in China's arms spending, its failure ·Several other neighbours such as Singapore,
to move towards democracy and its increasing Indonesia and even Vietnam want links with the US to
assertiveness globally has worried political and balance China.
military leaders in the US. ·Further afield, its links with Myanmar and Pakistan
·However, the Bush administration has concern India.
abandoned its initial, confrontational stand and ·Russia has shown signs of wanting to draw closer to
stressed the interests of both powers in China to counter US dominance for instance, the 2
cooperation, e.g. against terrorism, proliferation of countries held joint military exercises in 2005. However,
WMD etc. Russia may also find a Chinese superpower on its
·Congress is increasingly pressing for action to borders a threat in the longer term, especially to its
reduce China's trade surplus with the US, based sparsely populated and resource-rich eastern
on its cheap labour force and undervalued territories.