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Reform Justifications Reform has been inadequate Reform has gone too far
'liberal' view 'conservative' view
Devolution -Concerns about over-centralisation. -Parliamentary Sovereignty -Concerns about disintegration of the
Scotland, NI and -Laws were being made in Westminster means that devolved powers UK
Wales given their but applied to whole nation. can be taken back. -Unfairness between laws made in
own assemblies -Majority party in Britain as a whole -Devolved powers should be different states e.g. students in
and some form of might not reflect majority party in safeguarded. Scotland have no Uni tuition fees
primary Scotland/Wales, so representation -Uneven power distribution whereas they have been increased in
legislative concerns. between devolved states England.
powers. between the Scottish and Welsh -Creates a demand for further
Assemblies for example. powers for devolved states.
-West Lothian question MPs from
devolved states can vote on issues
affecting England but not the other
Electoral reform -Lack of proportionality and perceived -Improved representation in -Having numerous different electoral
Alternative unfairness associated with the FPTP some areas systems for different assemblies
voting systems for voting system. -Nothing has been done about creates confusion.
devolved most important elections at
assemblies. Westminster, Labour failed to
Human Rights -Uncodified constitution means rights -Human Rights Act not -Offers too much power to judges
Act European aren't adequately protected. entrenched, can be removed by who are unelected, over politicians
Convention of -Government had broken ECHR numerous future parliaments. who are elected and accountable.
Human Rights times (corporal punishment, telephone -Doesn't constitute fill bill of -Creates danger of politicising the
written into tapping etc) rights; judges can only issue a judiciary.
statute law. -Expensive and complex to appeal to the declaration of incompatibility, -Creates potential for conflict
ECHR Strasbourg courts. not overturn legislation. between judges and politicians.
-Reform advocates sensed a real need for -E.g. controversial rulings over
means of protecting rights through UK anti-terrorism legislation.
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Abolition of role -Post goes against the principle of -Supreme Court still only holds -Lord Chancellor had been one of the
of Lord separation of powers; Lord Chancellor very limited powers due to oldest roles in UK political system
Chancellor and was cabinet member, speaker of Lords Parliamentary sovereignty. without any real problems - 'If it ain't
creation of a and most senior UK judge. broke, don't fix it'.
Supreme Court. -Compromised judicial independence.…read more
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Some issues are too politically
complex to offer a vote on (e.g. In
or out of the EU.…read more