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Page 1

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Prerogative powers
1. Closure of parliament
2. Granting pardons
3. Head of state
4. Form treaties
5. Commander-in-chief
6. Appointments
7. Conducting foreign relations

Pm Powers:

Appointing & dismissing ministers
Chairing cabinet meetings
Granting peerages & other honours
Appointing judges & bishops
Commanding the armed forces
Conducting foreign relations

Pm…

Page 2

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No permanent change

Why are ministers chosen?

Friends
Represent a certain section of the party e.g. Trade Unions
Represent ideology of party e.g. Ed Miliband
Political Allies
Rebels to silence with collective responsibility
Great potential
Popular
Extremely able

Why do they leave?

Can no longer follow the party line
Too…

Page 3

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Provide advice to PM
Sometimes make big decisions

Not:

PM dominant
Committees
Meetings short, less frequent & staged
Large departments more independent
Bilateral meetings/sofa politics
Growth of 10 Downing Street
Ministers act alone with advisors
Collective responsibility

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