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Content
Limbo refers to West Indian dance-dancer has to bend backwards to get under bar which
gradually lowered-has to get closer to ground.
Region on borders of hell where unbaptised babies according to Christian religion
Imaginary place for unwanted people like prison
Chronicles exportation of slaves from west Africa to…

Page 2

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Content
Poet American part of beat movement
Seen as outsiders in conservative world of
Known to comment on social problems in USA at the time
Poem focuses on differences between rich and poor in America
America always advertised itself as place where people come get rich and are
independent
Poem…

Page 3

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Content
Considers difficulties of an immigrant from Caribbean how to cope with city life
Dreams/memories of beautiful island contrast with realities of London
Never forget roots-miss place of birth.
Imagery
Images effective and give image of scene of idyllic island
E.g.-"sun surfing defiantly"-gives image of the sun pushing up boldly…

Page 4

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Also comparing silver to water because silver is precious ­just like water in India.
Religion
Several religious connotations in this poem
E.g. title "blessing"
Poet refers to the sound that water make when hits tin mug "the voice of a
kindly god"
Seems to suggest we should praise god for…

Page 5

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Also poets father "sceptic, rationalist"-highlighting distance from religion & beliefs
Ending
At end poet suggest it was time which heals mother not prayers or "powders,
mixture herbs and hybrids" that cured mother
Poet makes point saying "after twenty hours//it lost its sting"-poison had enough
time to disperse through body.
Form…

Page 6

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Joy of singing has gone from their lives "it is silent now"
Short sentence used for impact.
Form
"viet nam" split highlights ignorance of foreigners
Free verse-gives poet greater freedom to express thought and ideas.
2 parts. Part 1 questions. Part2 answers to question in part 1.
Replies show how…

Page 7

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Also images of war-eg "trench" "bashed in head" "corpse" "hallowed
remenats"-this is not modern or technological war but is brutal and physical war
Poet Nigerian-witnessed devastation cause by biaafran war.
Violence and corpse represent his home life.

Form
Free verse-gives poet greater freedom to express thoughts and ideas
Lines irregular…

Page 8

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Free verse-gives poet greater freedom to express their thoughts and feeling
Six stanza's-reflect district six.
Stanza 4 split between lines 26+27 emphasises segregation between blacks and
whites
All stanza 8 lines long
Ending-poem ends on negative memorable note-even in present nothing changed
Start and ends in the same way. Circular…

Comments

Paul Dutton

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A good set of notes for this cluster.  Bullet points are used for content and context etc.

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