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BACKGROUND
Social psychologists became interested in
the behaviour of bystanders following the
case of the brutal murder of `Kitty
Genovese' in New York in 1964
There were 40 witnesses
Attack took place over half an hour
No one called the police until it was too
late…read more

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BACKGROUND
Many lab studies have been carried out by
social psychologists to test BYSTANDER
APATHY- This is the phenomenon
whereby observers of an emergency
situation do not intervene
Psychologists wanted to know which
situational factors INFLUENCE helping
behaviour…read more

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DIFFUSION OF
RESPONSIBILITY
The idea the people are less likely to
offer help to someone if there are
others present
They perceive the responsibility as
being shared between all those
present…read more

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PLURATLISTIC IGNORANCE
Tendency for people in a group to mislead
each other about an emergency situation
E.G. If others are remaining calm in an
emergency situation, other present will
witness this and also not take action as
they perceive the situation as not that
serious…read more

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Piliavin recognised that testing bystander
apathy in lab experiments lacked
ecological validity- as they did not
demonstrate how an individual would
really act in a realistic situation
Therefore, he planned to investigate helping
behaviour using a FIELD EXPERIMENT
where they could OBSERVE behaviour as
it is in the REAL WORLD…read more

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