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  • Created on: 07-06-16 20:55

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Piaget - A01
Piaget investigated into how children develop morality.
To do this he gave different aged children moral development stories.
The results found from the children's responses were:
- Young children (5-9 years old) believe that consequence is the biggest factor and ignore negative intention.
- Older children (10+) focus on both intent and consequence.
From this, he created a stage theory and this is:
PRE MORAL STAGE- Before the age of 5 and the child is unaware of moral issues and therefore can't
make meaningful moral judgements.
MORAL REALISM STAGE- Between the ages of 5 and 9 the child's moral understanding is based on
parental views of right and wrong. This means that the child's morality is not self chosen but reflects the
moral codes of others and this is called heteronomous morality. Judgement is based on consequence. The
child sees rules as moral absolutes- meaning they're inflexible and can't be broken. The term `moral
realism' refers to how children see rules as objective. The child believes in expiratory punishment,
meaning a person has to pay heavily for wrong doing. Also, they believe in immanent justice where they
believe unpleasant events after wrongdoing is actually punishment.
MORAL RELATIVISM STAGE- Aged 10 and over, a child's judgement is no longer constricted by other's
but is based on a personal, internalised moral code- autonomous morality. Children focus on intention
and consequence when judging a wrong doing. The term `moral relativism' reflects the fact that moral
judgement is often a subjective opinion. The child now believes that punishment should reflect the nature
of wrong doing- reciprocal punishment.

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Piaget - Key Terms
INTENTION- An action which was planned.
CONSEQUENCE- An unpleasant result of an action.
PRE MORAL STAGE- Before the age of 5, children are unaware of moral issues so they can't make moral judgements.
MORAL REALISM STAGE- Between the ages 5 and 9 when the child's moral understanding is based on parental views of right and wrong.
Here judgement of behaviour is based on consequence rather than intention and it is vey objective.…read more

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Piaget - methodology ao2
Method of Presentation Information Processing Systematic Investigation
Chandler criticised the way that A study by Feldman of children The moral comparison stories used
Piaget presented the moral found that moral judgements were by Piaget do not involve a
comparisons to the children as he influenced by the order in which systematic investigation as two
believed that it was too cognitively information is presented. The variables were manipulated at the
demanding of the children. children's judgement, especially by same time.…read more

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Piaget - research ao2
Cross Cultural Support Smenta Study Laupa and Turiel Study
In a large scale cross cultural Smenta found that, in terms of Laupa and Turiel found that 6-10
study, Linaza found that English punishment, young children aged year olds sometimes question rules
and Spanish has similar between 2 and 9 could distinguish imposed by parents, particularly
understandings of rules. Younger between behaviours seen as wrong conventional rules. This was found
children viewed them as absolutes, because of social conventions (e.g.…read more

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Piaget - More ao2
Support Against
· Beck stated that much evidence supports Piaget's · Walster stated that research has shown that even
general view that moral understanding becomes more adults tend to assume that a person is somehow to
subtle with age and that older children focus more on blame if their actions result in a negative
intention than younger children. consequence.…read more


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