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Sporting triangle:
Foundation: is the level at which every person at some point is at. For example;
primary school P.E lessons.
Participation: is the level at which you join in sport for fun, e.g. School P.E lessons
or going to a local club or sports centre.
Performance: is the level at which people are generally competing and training to
improve in specific sports.
Excellence:/Elite is when you are competing at a higher level in sport, at either
county or above.
Influences in taking part in sport:
People ­ family, friends, role models, celebrities, teachers or coaches.
Image ­ what is in `fashion' e.g. Wimbledon, gym and dance show. Or if
you want to loose weight you may take part in sport to help you do this.
Health and Wellbeing ­ people may do sport to become more fit and
Socio-economic ­ Least expensive sport ­ running.
Most expensive sport ­ horse riding.…read more

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Influences in taking part in sport continued:
Resources/Facilities ­ Whether facilities are available for your age group
Whether you have time to do it.
Somewhere near your house so you can attend easily.
Cultural Factors ­ Race, Age, Gender or Disability? You may not be able to play
certain sports because it has a specific age group, or if you have to wear certain
clothes and your religion may not like you to wear these things.
· Mental: Exercise can help to relieve stress and tension. It can increase
self-esteem and it can help you to look and feel great. It could also add
enjoyment to your life.
· Physical: Exercise can help to increase your fitness levels and improve
your performance. It can also help your physical health and depending on
what sport you do it can improve your cardiovascular fitness, muscular
strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition.
· Social: Exercise can help you to make new friends, meet your current
friends and mix with others.…read more

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Fitness: is the state at which you are able to cope with everyday activities and do
more and more sport, you will also be able to lead an active lifestyle.
Why take part in sport?
o Enjoyment factor
o To keep fit and stay healthy
o To make friends
Health Related Fitness:
There are 5 elements which help us stay fit and healthy, these are:
· Cardiovascular Fitness.
- How efficient your heart and lungs are.
· Muscular Strength.
- You are able to lift a certain amount of heavy weights.
· Muscular Endurance.
- This lets you use your muscles without them getting tired.
· Flexibility.
- This makes it able to bend down or reach up to get something.
· Body Composition.
- Whatever sport you do determines your body composition.…read more

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Skill Related Fitness:
There are 6 elements of skill related fitness, these are:
· Agility.
- How quickly and well you can change direction at speed.
· Balance.
- Being able to keep a balance when `static' or `dynamic'.
· Co-ordination .
- Having a sense of the 4 types of co-ordination, which are: `hand-eye',
`foot-eye', `head-eye' and `chest-eye'.
· Power.
- How much power you have to propel yourself or an object.
· Reaction time.
- How long it takes you to hear a sound and react to it, for example when
hearing the sound of a gun fire and then starting a race.
· Speed.
- Having a sense of the 3 different types of speed, which are: `leg speed',
`hand speed' and `speed of thought'.
Health: A state of compete mental, physical and social wellbeing, and not
merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Fitness: The ability to meet the demands of the environment.…read more

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Principals of Training: The FITT Principle:
S ­ Specificity F ­ Frequency
P ­ Progression I ­ Intensity
O ­ Overload T - Time
R ­ Rest and T ­ Type
T ­ Time
Specificity: means matching training to the requirements of the activity.
Progression/ Progressive Overload: means gradually increasing the amount of
exercise so you will gain fitness without the risk of injury.
Rest and Recovery: Rest is the period of time allotted to recovery.
Recovery is the time required to repair damage to the body
caused by training or competition.
S ­ Specific
M ­ Measurable
A ­ Achievable
Goal Setting.
R ­ Realistic
T ­ Time Phased…read more

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