Physical Education (PE): Revision Notes (Mainly Short Course)

THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT FINISHED YET!! IT WILL BE UPDATED AS I FINISH THE COURSE IN CLASS!!! SO SOME NOTES ARE MISSING! MAKE SURE YOU CARRY ON CHECKING AS I UPDATE IT :D

Here is a set of revision notes mainly for people taking Edexcel PE Short Course. I hope it helps you to revise! Please rate and comment on how to improve :D

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  • Created by: I P B
  • Created on: 30-03-10 15:37
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PE Notes
Why people take part in exercise:
makes you feel good
enjoyment
look good
enhances body shape
adrenalin rush
weight control
be healthy
stress relief
meet people, make friends
part of something ­ a team, a club
self worth
physical challenge
to win trophies / medals
to earn money
school makes you
Positive effects of exercise:
Regular exercise improves your general health. You become healthier both physically
and mentally.
Physical effects of exercise:
enhance and change body shape
provide you with more energy
increase fitness level
increase life expectancy
offers physical challenges
reduces stress related illnesses
Mental Effects of exercise:
looking good makes you feel good
a feeling of well-being
sets mental challenges
allows for personal development
gives enjoyment
provides an interest/hobby
reduces stress
provides excitement through the activity
opportunity to appreciate the activity
The benefits of being a member of a club:
encourages co-operation
provides an opportunity for competition
mixing socially with new people
encourages friendships
allows us to take part in a particular sport

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Health = a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being, not simply the
absence of disease or infirmity
5 Health Related Fitness Components:
1. Muscular Strength
2. Muscular Endurance
3. Flexibility
4. Cardiovascular
5. Body Composition
Way to Remember: Mean Men Fancy Cute Bums
Flexibility = movement at a joint to its fullest range. With regular practice the joints
can get nearer to their maximum range of movement.
Cardiovascular = relies on a healthy heart, blood and blood vessels.…read more

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Flexibility = sit and reach test
Cardiovascular fitness = multi stage fitness test (bleep test)
Body Composition = skin fold test
Skill Related Fitness Components
Agility
Co-ordination
Power
Balance
Reaction time
Speed
Way to remember: At Christmas People Buy Really Thick Stockings
Power = the ability to apply a combination of strength and speed in an action
Agility = the ability to change direction quickly and still keep control of the whole
body
Balance = the ability to keep the body stable whether still, moving…read more

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Power: standing vertical jump test. Stand next to a wall and jump. Measure how high
your hand reaches.
Balance: the stork stand. Hand on hips, raise one leg and keep it there. test how long
you can stay balanced.
Reaction time: ruler drop. Catch the ruler in your hand, see which measurement you
catch it.
Speed: 30 metre speed. Test how long it takes you to complete it.…read more

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Fartlek Training
Continuous Training
Weight Training
Circuit Training
Cross Training
Way to Remember: I Fart Continuously While Crossing Circuits
Isometric muscle contraction = when the body is held still e.g.…read more

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Cardiovascular system is more efficient, heart gets bigger and stronger, more
blood is pumped round the body per minute, a lower resting heart rate,
recovery rate is quicker
Respiratory system improves as the amount of oxygen a person can take up
will increase, the exchange of gases is more efficient, vital capacity of the
lungs increases
Recovery rate = the time it takes for the heart and the metabolism to return to
resting after exercise
Finding your maximum heart rate = 220 ­ your age…read more

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Fats:
Examples: milk, cheese, butter, chocolate
Provides energy
Should provide 30% of our daily intake
Increases size and weight of body, good for shot putters, sumo wrestlers
If too much fat, can inhibit performance, lead to high cholesterol
It is stored energy, used slowly when there is a lack of carbohydrates
Vitamins:
Examples: fruit (vitamin C), liver and carrots (Vitamin A), nuts (Vitamin B1),
vegetables (Vitamin E)
Help with general health of vision, skin condition, blood, bones
Vitamin B group are used when athletes train…read more

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Endomorph ­ Doughy ­ fat, short limbs, wide hips, e.g. shotputters, wrestlers
Mesomorph ­ Muscly ­ broad shoulders, narrow hips, little fat e.g. sprinters,
swimmers
Ectomorph ­ thin, little fat, small e.g.…read more

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Can become dehydrated, dizzy, tired, feel sick, causes headaches and muscle
cramps
Blood Doping
It is illegal
The athletes blood is taken out and frozen
Before the competition it is injected back into the body
There are then more blood cells pumping oxygen
Can cause AIDS or HIV
Threat of blood clots and high blood pressure
Drug Taking Procedures
An thlete is chosen
Athlete choses a chaperone and a witness who stays with them
Urine sample poured into small bottles labelled A and B
Samples…read more

Comments

paigerodger

thanks

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