Physical Education (PE): Revision Notes (Mainly Short Course)

THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT FINISHED YET!! IT WILL BE UPDATED AS I FINISH THE COURSE IN CLASS!!! SO SOME NOTES ARE MISSING! MAKE SURE YOU CARRY ON CHECKING AS I UPDATE IT :D

Here is a set of revision notes mainly for people taking Edexcel PE Short Course. I hope it helps you to revise! Please rate and comment on how to improve :D

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  • Created by: I P B
  • Created on: 30-03-10 15:37

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Page 1

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PE Notes

Why people take part in exercise:
makes you feel good
enjoyment
look good
enhances body shape
adrenalin rush
weight control
be healthy
stress relief
meet people, make friends
part of something ­ a team, a club
self worth
physical challenge
to win trophies / medals
to earn money…

Page 2

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Health = a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being, not simply the
absence of disease or infirmity

5 Health Related Fitness Components:
1. Muscular Strength
2. Muscular Endurance
3. Flexibility
4. Cardiovascular
5. Body Composition

Way to Remember: Mean Men Fancy Cute Bums

Flexibility = movement at a…

Page 3

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Flexibility = sit and reach test

Cardiovascular fitness = multi stage fitness test (bleep test)

Body Composition = skin fold test

Skill Related Fitness Components
Agility
Co-ordination
Power
Balance
Reaction time
Speed

Way to remember: At Christmas People Buy Really Thick Stockings

Power = the ability to apply a combination…

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Power: standing vertical jump test. Stand next to a wall and jump. Measure how high
your hand reaches.

Balance: the stork stand. Hand on hips, raise one leg and keep it there. test how long
you can stay balanced.

Reaction time: ruler drop. Catch the ruler in your hand, see…

Page 5

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Fartlek Training
Continuous Training
Weight Training
Circuit Training
Cross Training

Way to Remember: I Fart Continuously While Crossing Circuits

Isometric muscle contraction = when the body is held still e.g. ab plank

Way to remember: Isometric = when you are taking measurements you need to
stand still

Isotonic muscle contraction…

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Cardiovascular system is more efficient, heart gets bigger and stronger, more
blood is pumped round the body per minute, a lower resting heart rate,
recovery rate is quicker
Respiratory system improves as the amount of oxygen a person can take up
will increase, the exchange of gases is more efficient,…

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Fats:
Examples: milk, cheese, butter, chocolate
Provides energy
Should provide 30% of our daily intake
Increases size and weight of body, good for shot putters, sumo wrestlers
If too much fat, can inhibit performance, lead to high cholesterol
It is stored energy, used slowly when there is a lack of…

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Endomorph ­ Doughy ­ fat, short limbs, wide hips, e.g. shotputters, wrestlers

Mesomorph ­ Muscly ­ broad shoulders, narrow hips, little fat e.g. sprinters,
swimmers

Ectomorph ­ thin, little fat, small e.g. long distance runners, jockeys

Drugs:
Anabolic Agents (Steroids)
Stimulants
Opioid Analgesics
Peptide Hormones, Mimetics, Analogues
Beta Blockers
Diuretics…

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Can become dehydrated, dizzy, tired, feel sick, causes headaches and muscle
cramps

Blood Doping
It is illegal
The athletes blood is taken out and frozen
Before the competition it is injected back into the body
There are then more blood cells pumping oxygen
Can cause AIDS or HIV
Threat of…

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