phobias

approaches to phobias

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  • Created on: 02-06-11 18:11
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Biological
Ohman et al (1975)
1. Preparednessborn with a genetic disposition to develop certain fears &
therefore, phobias.
2. ANS (Autonomic Nervous System) the higher the reactive ANS; the
higher level of fear & therefore allowing people to develop phobias more
readily.
Evaluation
Agoraphobia
Family & twin studies
Studies in the same environment so could be behavioural approach of
learning through imitation.
Reductionist approach & negative treatment
Cognitive
Ehlers & Breuer
1. Catastrophic thoughts
2. Catastrophic misinterpretation
3. Cognitive Vulnerability
Evaluation
Can be applied to agoraphobia or social phobia.
Can help identify a treatment
Individual differences
Weak on why the thoughts are developed

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Psychodynamic
Little Hans
1. Unconscious defence mechanism displacement
2. Oedipus complex
3. Separation anxiety
4. Unconscious complex
Evaluation
Little Hans
Hard to research scientificallyas it is unconscious
Agoraphobia this means that little evidence has been found to support
agoraphobia
Behavioural
Lang & Lazovik
1. Classical conditioning
Learning through association
2. Observational learning
Learning through imitation
Evaluation
Research has shown that phobias can be acquired through classical
conditioning & observational learning.…read more

Comments

MrsMacLean

very clear and good studies selected. Thanks for the strengths and weaknesses!

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