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Philosophy and Ethics
module 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Wednesday, 27 April 2011

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Beliefs of Deity
module 1

Wednesday, 27 April 2011

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St Thomas Aquinas -
Cosmological argument
Nothing comes from nothing

The universe exists so must
have come from something

That something is god

There may have been no

It may have just started of
its own accord

Who made God?

Wednesday, 27 April 2011

Page 4

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William Paley - Teleological/
Design Argument
A watch can't have been created
by chance, it's been designed

The world is more complex than
a watch, it must have been

Design has a designer, god

May have been chance

Things haven't always been so
perfect, Darwins theory shows
they've adapted…

Page 5

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Moral argument
Our conscience is God talking to

Our inbuilt sense of right and
wrong is God

Nurture not nature

Lessons from when we were
young become part of our
unconscious mind that tell us
something is wrong

It has been easier over
generations to get along so we…

Page 6

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Religious experience and
miracle argument
Nicky Cruz and Jellyfish man had
no reason to convert

Bernadette of Lourdes and the
healing spring

Padre Pio and the stigmata

Unexplainable numinous experiences

May not be genuine

Science does not yet have all of the

May be wrong
Wednesday, 27 April 2011

Page 7

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Problem of evil
God is all powerfull so must have
the power to stop evil

God is all loving so must want to
stop evil

Why is there still evil?

Devil causes evil, God fights it but
cannot completely defeat it

God gave us free will because he

Page 8

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Words to describe God
Omnipotence: God is all powerful

Omniscience: God is all knowing

Omnipresent: God is eternal, no
beginning or end

Omnibenevolence: God is all

Omnipresence: Gods precence is
everywhere at the same time

Transcedence: God is above all

Immanence: God is within all
Wednesday, 27 April 2011

Page 9

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The holy trinity
Father - God

Son - Jesus

Holy spirit

Father is powerfull and in

Son is personal to us and came
to earth in human form

Holy spirit is close to us but
impersonal, God inspires people
through the holy spirit
Wednesday, 27 April 2011

Page 10

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Nicky Cruz was a gang leader in New York, he killed
people without a thought but one day heard a
preacher and converted to Christianity

Jellyfish man was an atheist but was stung by 5 box
jellyfish, he should have died but survived and said
he'd talked with God…


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