GCSE Philosophy 1 and 2

These are my revision notes for Philosophy 1 and 2. I hope you find them helpful and please let me know what you thought of them by commenting.

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  • Created on: 02-06-12 14:47
Preview of GCSE Philosophy 1 and 2

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Beth Moran 11A2
Philosophy and Ethics topics 2012
Philosophy 1
Belief about Deity ­ Nature of God, Belief in God and Miracles, God intervening in
the world through Jesus, Holy Spirit and Miracles
The End of Life ­ Concept of the body and soul, Beliefs about life after death,
Christian Funeral rites
Philosophy 2
Good and Evil Concepts of good and evil, The Fall, original sin and redemption
Religion and Science Beliefs about origins of the world, Teachings about
humanity
Ethics 1
Relationships Roles of men and women in the family and church, Marriage,
Divorce, Sexual relationships and contraception
Medical Ethics Attitudes to abortion, Attitudes to fertility treatment,
Euthanasia, Suicide, Cloning, Animals in medical research
Ethics 2

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Beth Moran 11A2
Religion and Equality
­ Racism, Sexism, Equality, Attitudes towards Other Religions, forgiveness and
reconciliation
Religion and the Media ­ Censorship and Freedom of Speech, Christian portrayals,
Relationship with and Use of the Media
Revision
Belief about Deity (Philosophy 1)
· Miracles
What is a miracle?…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
An extraordinary event that occurs that defies the laws of science and is beyond human
understanding. It is thought to be initiated by God.
Teleological Argument The arguments that the world is so complex that it must have
had a designer and the designer must have been God.
Cosmological Argument The argument that says God must have caused the universe.
Ontological Argument The argument based on the idea that God is greater than
anything else people can think of.…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
Big Bang Theory: A scientific theory which suggests the world was created by a
massive explosion about 18 billion years ago that led to the creation of the whole
universe
Intelligent Design: A theory which says that life is so complex that it must have had
a designer by a higher intelligent being, and did not evolve by natural selection
Natural Selection: A theory that tiny differences and genetic mutations between
creatures of the same species can sometimes make one individual slightly…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
hat we commit)
Heaven (being with God)
"At once I was in the Spirit, and there before me was a throne in Heaven with someone
sitting in it" (Revelation 4:23)
"I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise" (Luke 23:43)
Heaven is believed by Christians to be a paradise where the Soul can be with God after life
on Earth.…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
A ceremony honoring a dead person, typically involving burial or cremation
The priest will introduce the funeral by reading verses from the Bible such as:
"I am the resurrection and the life.…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
· The Bible gives rules and stories to illustrate moral behaviour
· Sometimes the Bible does not hold the answer to every question. Some people think
that because the Bible was written a long time ago, it can be difficult to apply it's
teachings to modern society.
The teachings of the Church
· The church gives thei r views of the right Christian response to
issues such as abortion and divorce.…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
Christians argue that we have evil and suffering because we need them to make free
choices. We have free choices between right and wrong which is called FREE WILL
People might respond by arguing that our freedom of choice is not worth the pain and
suffering. The world would be better if God didn't give people the choice of being evil so
therefore they wouldn't be able to inflict pain because the choice would no longer be there.…read more

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Beth Moran 11A2
The Fall = The disobedience of Adam and Eve resulting in their expulsion from Eden
Theodices = Arguments justifying why there is evil in the world and if God is good why
would he make a world with said evils in it.
Religion and Science (Philosophy 2)
Evolution
Charles Darwin's theory that all the different species evolved from simple life forms.
These simple life forms first developed more than 3 billion years ago the Earth is about
4.5 billion years old.…read more

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