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Philosophy 1.1 - Belief About Deity
-Muslims believe the idea of God is monotheism - there is only one God
-Islam can be translated as meaning submission or surrender to Allah
-Allah is referred by 99 names in the Qur'an - these names tells you the nature of Allah
-Ar-Rahmaan - Most Compassionate
-Ar-Raheem - Most Merciful
-Al-Azeez - All Mighty
-Muslims believe Allah cannot be thought of in human terms - He is the Supreme Being and has no
-Muslims believe Allah is both immanent and transcendent - Allah is in the world with us and outside
the world
-Human lives are predestined by Allah but humans do have free will
Ways to know Allah
-Muslims know Allah through the prophets and the messages they have delivered.
-Miracles that Allah has performed - Muslims believe the Qur'an itself is a miracle - a style which is
impossible to copy.
-Facts discovered by science were described in the Qur'an 1400 years ago - such as the
development of the human embryo.
-It is stated in the Qur'an that the universe expands "And it is We who have constructed the heaven with
might, and verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it" science have only discovered this recently
-The 5 pillars of Islam
-Shahada - A statement of belief
-Salah - Prayers
-Zakah - 2.5% of yearly savings
-Sawm - Fasting
-Hajj - Pilgrimage
Nature of God
omnipotent - God is all powerful
omnipresent - God is everywhere
omniscient - God is all knowing
omni benevolent - God is all loving

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Reasons For Belief
-Upbringing - people bought up by religious parents and given religious teachings are more likely to
believe in God
-The presence of a religion in the world gives some people faith
-The search for meaning - people want to find out answers such as the cause of life
Teleological (design) Argument
-The world is too complex to be caused by chance
-If something simple as a watch needs a creator than something complex as a universe must have a
creator - Watch…read more


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