Peter the Great's Aims and Achievements of Policies to strengthen Government

Including Colleges and The Senate

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Peter's Aims and Achievements of Policies to strengthen
PHASE ONE: Up to 1699
Peter needed an effective administration to exercise his power fully
He had inherited a Muscovite system of Government, full of confusion and
Peter had shown little interest in central administration at the beginning of the
PHASE TWO: 1699 1711
Wanted to wage war with Sweden to do this, Peter needed:
a more reliable system of raising revenues
a provision of military supplies
an increase of enrolment into the army
"Money is the artery of war" Peter
Peter established a Ratusha (revenue collection) to take control of the thirteen
It developed into a central treasury
Involved the reforms of Local Governments
Peter established a new Prikazy administrative duties for the military
(shipyards, ship building)
Attempted to move towards Centralisation
Reforms failed to provide all needed funds
Turned into Pribyishchiki profit makers and officials who invented taxes
(boots, beards, hats, firewood, melons, nuts, births, deaths, etc)
New state monopolies introduced on rhubarb and alcohol
Even after all this, there still was not enough money!
Russian administration was decentralised into eight Gubernii Governments
with their own administration
PHASE THREE: 1711 1725
Governorships meant the Prikazy had no real functions
There were no central institutions coordinating the administration of Russia
A decision making body was needed as Peter was often absent from the
Capital (Moscow, then St. Petersburg)
Power and pressure were put on Governorships
More money for war was needed
Needed to reduce corruption, nepotism and domination of a single official

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Initially a temperate measure
Made of nine members
In Peter's absence, they had complete authority to act
It soon became permanent, translating Peter's instructions into legislation
It was the Supreme Court of Justice
Collected money for war, recruited nobles into the army and examined trade
Reversed Peter's decentralising of Government
Improved efficiency by installing a Procurator General of the State (keeps the
body in order, helps reach decisions)
There was a massive scope of duties and the Senate could not cope
Few men in…read more

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Russians could not understand the terminology from foreign advisors the
Presidents had little idea of their real responsibilities
Corruption still flourished
There was a lack of local institutions to support the system
They were never able to draw up a budget based on reliable information
Money was not sent to localities at proper times
Army, navy and civil servants suffered distress…read more


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