Pesach (Passover)

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The Pesach Festival The Fast of the First-born, which is a minor fast of the first- This symbolizes the bitterness of slavery, and the maror is
born son to commemorate that G-d, passed over their dipped in charoset which is a paste made from apples,
The most commonly observed festival, even by otherwise houses, before Pesach. nuts, cinnamon and wine that symbolizes the mortar used
non-observant Jews. by the Jews during their slavery.
In 1990, over 80%of Jews attended a Pesach Seder meal. The Significance of Pesach: 10. Korekh: The Sandwich
On the 1st night there is a special family meal to remind Jews eat some maror on a piece of Matzah with charoset
What is the Pesach? them of the significance of the holiday via rituals. in honour of Rabbi Hillel.
It begins on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nisan, This is the first two nights for Jews in the Diaspora. 11. Shulchan Orekh: Dinner
which is the beginning of spring. This is known as the Seder meal, which means order A festive meal is eaten that as no requirements other than
Is a festival which has historical and agricultural because there is a specific order in which to do things chematz isn't used.
significance. during this meal. 12. Tzafun: The Afikomen
Agricultural is the representation of the harvest season in On the first and last days no work is permitted, but work is The piece of Matzah that was set aside is eaten as desert.
Israel, but little attention is paid to this aspect. permitted on the intermediate days, the Chol ha-Mo'ed. Different families have different traditions, some families
The historical aspect is the freedom from slavery in Egypt This become two first days and two last days for the Jews have the children hide it while others have the parents
after generations of slavery. in the Diaspora. hide it and the children find it.
Can be found in Exodus chapters 1-15. Designed to keep the children awake and attentive
Pesach means to pass over, pass through, to exempt or to The Seder Meal: through the proceedings, waiting for this part.
spare. The Haggadah is a book which contains the Seder 13. Barekh: Grace after Meals
It refers to the fact that G-d passed over the houses of the scriptures and is beautifully illustrated. The third cup of wine is poured and birhat ha-mazon is
Jews in the last plague. It tells the story of the exodus from Egypt and explains said.
Pesach is also known as the Spring Festival, the Festival some of the practices and symbols of Pesach. This is similar to the grace that would be said at Shabbat.
of Matzahs and the Time of Our Freedom. At the end a blessing is said over the wine and it is drunk.
The Order: The 4th cup is poured, including an additional cup set aside
Pesach Laws and Customs: 1. Kaddesh: Sanctification for Elijah. The door is opened for a while here; supposedly
The removal of chematz is the most significant custom of There is a blessing over a cup of wine in honour of for Elijah, but historically to show their Christians that they
Pesach. Pesach, the wine is than drunk and a second cup is weren't doing anything unseemly, such as using Christian
Commemorates the fact that the Jews were leaving Egypt poured. babies' blood in their Matzah.
in a hurry and didn't have time to let their bread rise. 2. Urechatz: Washing 14. Hallel: Praises
It is a symbolic way of removing the pride from Jewish This is the washing of the hands without a blessing in Several psalms are sung and a blessing is made over the
souls, the puffiness preparation for the eating of the Karpas. 4th cup, and that too is drunk (are the kids smashed
Chematz includes things that are made from wheat, rye, 3. Karpas: Vegetable yet?!?).
spelt, oats and barley which hasn't been cooked A bitter vegetable (Parsley) is dipped into salt water and 15. Nirtzah: Closing
completely in the 18 minutes since it was in contact with eaten, it symbolizes the lowly origins of the Jewish people A simple statement is recited that the Seder meal is
water. and the salt represents the tears shed during slavery. completed, combined with a wish that the next Pesach will
Orthodox Jews from East Europe backgrounds avoid rice, 4. Yachatz: Breaking be in Jerusalem and that the Messiah will arrive within the
corn, peanuts and beans as well to avoid confusion. One of the three pieces of Matzah is broken, and a piece next year.
Additional items are known as Kitniyot. is returned to the pile while another piece is set aside. Followed by hymns and stories.
Jews don't eat chematz, or own it or derive any benefit 5. Maggid: The Story
from it. The retelling of the exodus from Egypt and the first The Importance of Pesach:
Jews can't feed chematz to their pets or cattle, and have Pesach. The transfer from slavery to freedom
to either sell them to a non-Je and repurchase them after Begins with the youngest child asking The Four Questions The transfer from anarchy to living by the rules of G-d.
the festival or change their diet. which were designed to encourage participation in the The transfer from being nomads to living in their own
Chametz can be sold via Chabad-Lubavitch online. Seder. A blessing is made over the second cup of wine country.
Several weeks are spend in preparation for this festival, and it is drunk. Reminds the Jews to teach their children about the days of
and several days are spend scrubbing everything down, 6. Rachtzah: Washing slavery and of G-d being the true G-d, the protector of
checking the edges of the stove and fridge with a toothpick A second washing f the hands with a blessing in Israel.
and cotton bud and lining surfaces which come into preparation for the eating of the Matzah.
contact with food with foil. 7. Mortzi: Blessing over Grained Products
A formal search of the house in undertaken on the The ha-mortzi blessing, a generic blessing for the bread
morning before Pesach and the Seder meal. used as a meal, is recited over the Matzah.
Any remaining chematz is burnt. 8. Matzah: Blessing over Matzah
Jews eat Matzah during Pesach, these are unleavened A blessing specific to the Matzah is recited and a piece is
bread made from flour and water and cooked quickly eaten.
within 18 minutes to avoid any rising. 9. Maror: Bitter Herbs
This is the bread that the Jews made for their flight from A blessing is recited over a bitter vegetable (raw
Egypt. horseradish) and is eaten.


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