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PERSONHOOD


What are the characteristics of personhood?

What does it mean to say a person is `one to whom we ascribe mental and physical
characteristics'?
A person is not just a body, they also have a mind. Rocks and plants aren't person because
we can't ascribe them mental characteristics as…

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PERSONHOOD


Explain self-awareness? In self-awareness, a creature is aware of itself as a self. It is able to
think about itself as something that has experiences. Idea of being conscious of your self as a
subject of experiences requires some conception of ones experience as experience and
sense of having…

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PERSONHOOD



judgement on the basis of understanding the connection between two
beliefs. Making logical connections depends upon having concepts
and, in particular, upon having linguistic concepts.
We can describe animal behaviour in terms of the ability to recognise
and respond appropriately to many objects and situations. But this is
not…

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PERSONHOOD


mental and physical characteristics, are a natural kind of thing. As we come to think of ourselves as
having mental characteristics, we understand that there are other physical characters that do that as
well. If persons were MIND + BODY, a person would not be a natural thing, but…

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PERSONHOOD


only, then the characteristics we have discussed are secondary to the definition of a person. We may
not even be able to tell whether something is a person or not.

Extending the term `Person' we can say something is a person:

1) If it qualifies as a person according…

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PERSONHOOD


Animals: chimpanzees could identify themselves in a mirror as a possible example of
self-awareness. However, it was too closely tied to the mirror and no other behaviour
displayed the self-awareness. On the other hand, the sign language apes has led a number of
thinkers to argue that they do…

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PERSONHOOD



LOCKE'S MEMORY THEORY John
Locke singled out memory as central to personal identity, if I remember doing something I am the
same person that did that thing. He identifies the as;
`that conscious thinking thing... which is... capable of happiness or misery, and so is concerned for
itself as…

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PERSONHOOD


If a duplicate of me can have complete psychological continuity with me, but without being
me, then psychological continuity is not enough for personal identity. Personal identity must
involve something else.

Physical continuity theories of personal identity

Animal theory being the same person consists in Brain theory says being…

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PERSONHOOD


Reincarnation; if it occurs, the physical theory of personal identity must be wrong ­ having the same
body, or even brain, is not necessary. On the psychological theory, to be reincarnated is for another
creature or soul to be psychologically continuous with you. This continuity is rarely a matter…

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PERSONHOOD


The person with [A] continues to exist as me.
Now suppose that instead of [B] being destroyed it is transplanted into another body.
Which of the two people is the same person as me before the operation? Neither. These are both
my `best candidates'. I have ceased to exist,…

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