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Personality factors and stress:

1. Type A personality
2. The Hardy personality

Type A personality:
A person who is trying to achieve more and more in less and less time.
Friedman and Rosenman (1959), believed that someone with type A
personality possessed 3 main characteristics:

Competitiveness and achievement striving

Page 2

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Challenge, see life challenges as problems to be overcome rather
than threats or stressors, enjoy change as an opportunity for

Research on the Hardy personality:
- Kobasa (1979), studied 800 business executives using the SRRS, 150 of the
participants were classed as high stress some had low illness record…


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