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Personality Factors and Stress:
Type A personality: Describes a person who is involved in an incessant struggle to achieve more and
more in less time. Friedman and Rosenman (1959) believed Type A individual possesse three major

Competiveness and achievement striving
Impatience and time urgency
Hostility and agessiveness

These characteristics…

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Kobasa and Maddi (1977) suggested that some people are more psychologically `hardy' than others.
The hardy personality includes a range of characteristics which, if present provide defences against
the negative effects of stress.
Control: Hardy people see themselves as being in control of their lives, rather than being
controlled by…


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