Peer review

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Psychology unit 4 research methods
Peer review
The process by which research papers are submitted to other scientists of a
similar level of expertise across the world. They will look at it and judge it in
terms of validity, reliability, usefulness, interest to public and scientific
community. Papers can be published, rejected or amended. Peer review is essential
as t helps establish credibility of a researcher and help him or her attract
funding.
There are 3 main purposes to peer review:
Allocation of research funding- research is paid for by the government or
by charities and therefore peer review ensures the research is worth it
Publication of research in scientific journals- opportunity to share their
research, peer review works by correcting faulty and incorrect research
before it enters the public men.
Assessing the research rating of universities- all university science
departments are expected to conduct research and it is assessed in terms of
quality. Future funding for that department depends on receiving good
ratings.
Evaluation
Slow, expensive, subjective, prone to bias, easily abused, poor at licking
upon gross defects, almost useless at detecting fraud
Not always possible to find an appropriate expert to review the report
Anonymity is used to reviewers can be honest, however it can be used to
rival someone
Publication bias- can have editors favour a positive study over a negative
one to increase their social standing of their article.

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