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Cold war development

Tehran conference 1943

Britain and the USA would open a second front

Yalta conference 1945

Roosevelt and Churchill agree to the establishment of a communist government in Poland
Provide the USSR a `sphere of influence'

Potsdam conference 1945

Roosevelt was no longer the US president and was…

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Comecon 1949

Encouraged economic development of Eastern Europe
To prevent trade with Western Europe and the USA.

Effects:

o It minimised the American influence in the USSR and Eastern Europe
o It ensured that the benefits of economic recovery in Eastern Europe remained in the soviet
sphere of influence
o…

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The three cold war crises

Berlin crisis

1958 Khrushchev suggests that the four
occupying powers leave Berlin and it
should be neutral

1958 Khrushchev gave western troops 6
months to leave berlin

Sept. 1959 President Eisenhower made a speech
suggesting that the USA would
withdraw


5th May 1960 U2 spy…

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Medium term "winds of change" students and popular
protests.

Short term Dubcek's socialism with a face
Market socialism
1968 Invasion by Warsaw pact tanks
Dubcek's fate



Cuban missile crisis

The failure of the bay of pig crippled Kennedy as he was forced to take responsibility
The hotline made the USSR…

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NUTS ­ Nuclear Utilization Treaty Selection

Helsinki conference 1975

Security ­ countries talked about European frontiers ( USSR accepting the existence of West
Germany.
Cooperation ­ call for a closer economic, scientific and cultural links
Human rights ­ each signatory agreed to respect human rights and basic freedom ( thought,…

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Made nuclear war likely again

Second détente

Geneva summit 1985

Gorbachev wanted Reagan to drop the SDI
Gorbachev replaced the anti-détente foreign minister with pro- détente Eduard
Shevardnadze
Reagan and Gorbachev didn't reach an agreement but agreed to meet again

Reykjavik 1986

Reagan wouldn't drop the SDI but offered to…

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