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A healthy and active lifestyle can help when coping with the stresses of daily life.


Contributes to good health Mix with other people Prevents/relieves stress and

Increases fitness Meet new people Mental challenge

Improves performance Develop team work/ Increases confidence and self
cooperation esteem

Improves health…

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Influence of taking part

People: influence by parent/peer

Role model: person who is admired and copied.

Image: people copy their role models image, clothes etc. media influence people's

Cultural factors: disabilities, age, gender, public perception etc.

Resources: availability, location, access and time.

Health and wellbeing.

Social economic: cost of…

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Foundation: learning and experiencing basic sporting skills.

Participation: young people begin to participate regularly in a specific activity for

Performance: young people concentrate on sport specific skills to develop talent.

Elite/ Excellence: where individual reach sporting excellence.

Health, exercise, fitness and performance

Exercise improves health and develops fitness which…

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Muscle strength: handgrip strength test.

Muscle endurance: Harvard step test.

Cardiovascular fitness: cooper test (12 minute test).

Skill related fitness (RSPCAB)

Reaction time: the time between the presentation of the stimulate and the onset
of movement.

Speed: the rate of which individuals preforms a movement.

Power: = strength x speed.…

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Recovery: the time required for the repair of damage to the body cause by training
or competition.

FITT: used to increase the amount of work the body does in order to achieve

Frequency: how often to train.

Intensity: how hard to train.

Time: how long each training session must…

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Circuit training: circuit training is the best for general all round fitness, in can
combine everything in one session, the equipment need not be expensive, can be
tailored to individual needs, includes both aerobic and anaerobic activities.

Weight training: can improve muscular strength, muscular endurance and power,
there is a…

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Stored: in the muscles as glycogen.

Excess carbohydrates: energy provided is stored as fat.


Daily intake: should be 30% of our total diet

High density lipoproteins: are good cholesterol

Low density lipoproteins: are known as bad cholesterol. It is deposited on
the arteries. This restricts blood flow and increases…

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Function: helps cell function

Fat soluble vitamins

Vitamins A, D, E and K dissolve in fat.

Vitamin A: Retinol or beta carotene

Function: helps body grow and develop, keeps the lining of the troat,
digestive system and lungs moist + free from infection. Keeps the skin
healthy, makes visual purple…

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Deficiency: Beri beri (disease that causes muscle wastage).

Effects of processing and cooking: easily destroyed by heat, easily
dissolved in water.

Vitamin C

It is stored but can not be made in the body.

Function: enables the body to absorb iron from food, needed for the
production of protein called…

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Too much: intoxication. Kidneys will not be able to work fast enough so the
blood becomes dilute. This cause the brain to swell, headaches, nausea,
vomiting, muscle twitching, convulsions and death.

Fibre: non starch polysaccharides (NSP)

What is it: a group of natural plant materials that the body cannot digest.…


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