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PHYSICAL= Losing weight, imp posture, imp/enhanced body shape, reduces stress related illnesses and able
to do everyday things.

MENTAL= Feel good/Enjoyment, release from stress, gain confidence and stimulate competition.

SOCIAL= meeting new people, making and spending time with friends, stimulates co-operation and
teamwork and learn leadership.

Health Related Fitness…

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to improve fitness in the body parts the sport uses.
Progression= Is GRADUALLY INCREASING the amount of exercise you do. This will reduce the risk of injury.
Overload= Fitness can only be improved by training MORE than you normally do. This is where `FITT' comes
in, as to achieve overload…

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Warm Up - done to reduce chance of injury.
1. Pulse raiser (light aerobic work) to inc HR and body temp e.g. jogging
2. Stretching to prepare specific muscles, ligaments and joints.
3. Skill related exercise- sport skill practice/drill.
Main Activity
Cool Down ­ Used to get rid of lactic…

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Muscular endurance improves
Muscles, tendons and ligaments around joints get stronger
Joints become more stable and flexibility at joints increases
Bone width and density increases.
The cardiovascular system
Immediate effects when first exercising:
Heart contracts more often ­ increased heart rate.
Heart contracts more powerfully ­ increased stroke volume, which…

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Carbohydrates Provides most of our energy Running. Athletes in Starches found in
for muscles. Provides quick training will eat more Pasta, cereals,
energy. 60% of our diet 'carbs'. Marathon bread and potatoes.
should comprise 'carbs'. runners will 'load' Also sugar, but this
before the event. must be eaten in

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and their muscle size. These factors also affect their participation and performance in sport. If you consume
more energy than you use you will put on weight. If you consume less energy than you use you will lose
weight. People who under-eat will not have enough energy to perform effectively.…

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Anabolic agents Help athletes to train harder and build Increased aggression and
steroids muscle therefore faster reactions. kidney damage
Artificial substance top up and more Heart Disease
supplies of testosterone. Liver Damage
Allow the body to recover from heavy Growth of face and body hair
training much quicker. Deepening of…

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Blood Doping -Increase oxygen carrying capacity. Kidney and heart failure
- Several weeks before a comp blood is
-The blood rebuilds the amount and then
prior to the comp you re-inject creating
more blood cells than usual by 20%
-Hard to detect as the blood is the athletes

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Verrucae's= A viral skin wart usually on the feet and transmitted in moist areas. You can easily catch them in
swimming pools as they are very infectious.
Solution= wear a verrucae sock and creams or remove them medically.


Injuries can be avoided by:
*Following rules ­ created…

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Soft tissue injuries
Sprains - when ligaments are overstretched or torn around a joint, eg twisted or sprained ankle.
Strains - when a muscle or tendon is overstretched or torn, eg pulled muscle.
Bruises - caused when blood vessels burst under the skin following impact.
TREATMENT= R.I.C.E should warm up…




great piece thanks so much

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