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Chapter 7
Parliament
Parliamentary government
The UK has a parliamentary form of government, the key
features of which are:
· the fusing of the executive and legislative branches
· the government is chosen as the result of parliamentary
elections
· government is collective
· the legislature can dismiss the executive
· there is a separate head of state…read more

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Chapter 7
Parliament
Key terms
· Head of state: the chief public representative of a country,
such as a monarch or president
· Legislature: the branch of government responsible for
passing laws
· Parliament: an assembly that has the power to debate and
make laws…read more

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Chapter 7
Parliament
Parliamentary versus presidential
Parliamentary government
· The executive and legislative branches are fused
· Parliament can dismiss the government through a vote of
confidence
· Power is exercised collectively within the executive branch
· The prime minister is the person who can command a
majority in the parliament following a general election
· The head of the executive is not the head of state…read more

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Chapter 7
Parliament
Presidential government
· There is a clear separation of powers between the executive
and legislative branches
· The legislature cannot dismiss the president, except in
special circumstances, and the executive cannot dissolve the
legislature
· Power in the executive is concentrated in the office of
president
· The president is directly elected by the people
· The president is also head of state…read more

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Chapter 7
Parliament
The Westminster model
· The traditional way of understanding the British political
system, which both describes it and claims that it is the ideal
· The key features are:
-- parliamentary sovereignty
-- an uncodified constitution
-- cabinet government
-- first-past-the-post electoral system
-- a two-party system
-- a unitary state…read more

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Comments

Old Sir

This very clear overview of the UK parliamentary system is likely to be useful to students looking to be reminded of its advantages and disadvantages. In order to address assessment objective 2, (evaluation and analysis) however, students might wish to read around case studies that exemplify issues such as the way the parties operate within the Commons, various impacts of large government majorities on the working and behaviour of the House of Commons, and the failure to complete proposed reforms of the Lords.

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