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Pakistan Flood Case Study July 2010
Pakistan is located in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on
the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
Birth Rate 24.87 births/1000 population
Death Rate 6.92 deaths/1000 population
GDP per Capita $2,500
The Pakistan floods began on the 29th July 2010. The main reason this flood occurred was because of unusually heavy
monsoon rains. Almost 12 million people were affected in the Punjab and Baluchistan provinces, 1600 of which died.
As well as the 2 million people affected in the Sindh province.
Unusually heavy monsoon rains during the normal season that runs from July to
September. In August 2010, more than half of the normal monsoon rain fell in only
one week. Typically it is spread over three months 4 months of rainfall in 2 days. In
some areas of Northern Pakistan received 3 times their annual rainfall in 36 hours.
Particularly heavy rainfall was experienced in the northern regions of Pakistan.
Deforestation Pakistan is known to have one of the highest rates of deforestation
in the whole world (more than 70% illegally cut down in 2007). As there are less tress
this would increase how quickly the water reaches the river/ground, flash floods. No
interception, less water stored in underground stores.
7 million people homeless and broke
Many people living in temporary shelter
Agricultural resources have been destroyed
Food shortages are a main concern and cause food riots between Pakistan public
A threat of social unrest: families and ethnic groups compete with each other in an event of a break down in
Increase threat of diseases: cholera, malaria, malnutrition (23% of the year's harvest was washed away)
Widespread damage to people's homes. Villages have been wiped out
Extensive damage to roads, buildings and irrigation works
United Nations estimate of rebuilding the country's damage will be billions of dollars
Pakistan's main industry is agriculture and has been heavily affected by the floods:
500,000 tonnes of wheat lost
2 million out of a targeted 14 million bales of cotton have been lost
The textile industry accounts for 60% of Pakistan's exports and as a result export sales have decreased
resulting in further poverty occurring in the country.
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With the building damage cost being so high and revenue lost due to the floods, Pakistan's economy is in
Pakistani Government facing the threat of being destabilized due to unhappiness brought on by the following
Rising transport and food cost
The Taliban are a radical group associated with terrorism and could gain support by providing aid and winning
over public support as a result becoming the head party within Pakistan
The Government's primary focus is rescue…read more