P2: Movement, Forces, Energy and Momentum

This is a document for students taking AQA Additional Science. This contains pretty much everything from the physics section apart from the electricity section and the nuclear physics. This is based on everything from the specification and from my revision books. It is written in simple sentences for revision. I hope this helps you to revise! Please rate and comment on how to improve :D Also, I have a study group called AQA Additional Science where we discuss topics such as this one and many more, feel free to become a member, the more the merrier! Study group: http://getrevising.co.uk/studygroups/aqa_additional_science

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: I P B
  • Created on: 03-01-10 13:01
Preview of P2: Movement, Forces, Energy and Momentum

First 144 words of the document:

P2: Movement, Forces, Momentum and
As physics is a hard topic, the specification of the exams has
been used to make notes on only the area we NEED to know. The
notes have been written in small sentence format for easier
The speed is how fast an object is moving
Measured in m/s
To calculate speed you use this formula:
Speed (m/s) = distance travelled (m) / time taken (s)
Distance Time Graphs
The slope of a distance time graph represents speed
Velocity is speed in a given direction
The acceleration of an object is the rate at which its velocity
Calculated using this formula:
Acceleration (m/s²) =change in velocity(m/s) / timetaken for

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Velocity time Graph
The slope of a velocity time graph represents acceleration
The area under a velocity time graph represents the distance
Equal and Opposite Forces
Whenever two objects push or pull on each other, they exert an
equal but opposite force on each other.
The unit of force is the newton (N)
A boxer who punches an opponent with a force of 100N
experiences a reverse force of 100NJ form his opponent.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

When a vehicle travels at a steady speed the frictional forces
balance the driving force
Stopping Distance
The greater the speed of the vehicle the greater the braking force
needed to stop it in a certain distance
The stopping distance of the vehicle depends on the distance the
vehicle travels during the driver's reaction time and the distance it
travels under the braking force
The reaction time can be affected by:
A vehicles braking distance can be affected by:
Adverse road conditions…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

When a force causes a body to move through a distance, energy
is transferred and work is done
Work done = energy transferred
Work done (J) =force applied(N) X distance moved (m)
Work done against frictional forces is mainly transformed into heat
For an object that is able to recover its original shape, elastic
potential is the energy stored in the object when work is done on
the object to change its shape
Kinetic Energy
The kinetic energy of a body depends in its mass…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Speed = the rate at which an object moves
Velocity = the speed at which an object moves in a particular
Velocitytime graph = represents acceleration (velocity against
time taken)
Energy = the capacity of a physical system to do work measured
in Joules (J)
Force = a push or pull acting on an object
Friction = The resistive force between two surfaces as they move
over eachother
Joule = a measure of energy and work done
Momentum = a measure of the state…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Physics resources:

See all Physics resources »See all resources »