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Outline and Compare Two Explanations For Offending. Refer to Evidence in
your Answer. [12 Marks]

The physiological approach has two different theories of offending, Lombroso's
Atavistic Form and Sheldon's Somatotype Theory.
Lombroso's Atavistic Form Theory states that criminals have different
features due to a more primitive evolutionary stage…

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mesomorphy. This means that the rating on the scale is entirely down to
personal opinion making it subjective and unreliable. Sutherland who
conducted a number of other studies that found numerous associations
between criminality and bodybuilding also argued this. There is also criticism
as Sheldon's research used only…


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