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Outline and Assess Functionalist Explanations of Crime and Deviance
[50 Marks]

Pease (1994) said, `Crime comprises those actions which are deemed so
damaging to the interest of the community that the state determines that it
must take a direct role in identifying and acting against the criminal.' Downes…

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which is to reaffirm society's shared rules. `Adaption to Change' is the view
that all changes start with acts of deviance; people new ideas different to the
shared norms and values will be seen as deviant. This is where Durkheim's idea
`Society of Saints' comes from. In this…

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agreed with Durkheim that crime is caused because of people's different
attachment to collective values. Merton went on to develop his `Strain Theory'
that he uses to explain patterns of deviance found in society. He states that an
individual's position in society affects the way they respond to…

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insecurity of working class jobs. H e clearly states that boredom is the main
cause of working class youths turning to crime and deviant acts.
As with every approach, the question asked is, `why does crime occur?'
But Hirschi (1969) said we should look at this question from…

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However, Young (1971) argues that people get caught in minor forms of
crime all the time and when individuals are caught, they are labelled and their
crimes are made into something they're not. He argues that this pushes
individuals to amplify their crimes until they become criminals and…


Aiste - Team GR


wonderful essay!! extremely useful :)

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