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Bethan…read more

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What is Osteoporosis?
· Osteoporosis is a condition that effects the bones,
causing them to become weak, fragile and more likely to
· It occurs mostly likely in the spine, wrist and hips but can
effect other bones such as the arm as well.
· Its mostly associated with post menopausal women but
can effect anyone.
· Osteopenia (low bone mass) is when the bone mineral
density is between 1 and 2.5 standard deviations below
that of young adults. Which is on average 2.5.…read more

Slide 3

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According to a recent
Starter American hospital
survey 68% of
one in three women and Osteoporosis patients
one in were women.
five men aged over 50 years
experience osteoporotic 75% of all cases of hip
fractures. osteoporosis affect
· Question:
Why does osteoporosis effect more women
than men?…read more

Slide 4

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Why does it effect more women
than men?
· Women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis than men.
· This is because hormone levels alter bone density. The female
hormone oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. After the
menopause, the level of oestrogen in the body falls, and this can
lead to a rapid decrease in bone density.
· If they have an early menopause (before the age of 45)
· If they have a hysterectomy before the age of 45, particularly when
the ovaries are also removed
· If periods are absent for a long time (more than six months) as a
result of over-exercising or over-dieting
· Women reach their peak bone mass at about age 18 while men
reach theirs at 20.…read more

Slide 5

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· Bone is made of a hard outer shell with a mesh of collagen (tough elastic fibres), minerals,
blood vessels and bone marrow inside. This mesh looks a bit like a honeycomb, with spaces
between the different parts.
· Healthy bones are very dense, and the spaces inside the bones are small. In bone affected by
osteoporosis, the spaces are larger, and this makes the bones weaker, less elastic and more
likely to break.
· Bones are living tissue that constantly repair itself. In childhood, bones grow and repair very
quickly, but this process slows down as you get older. Bones stop growing in length between
the ages of 16 and 18, but continue to
increase in density until you are in your late
20s. From about the age of 35, you gradually
lose bone density. This is a normal part of
ageing, but for some people it can lead to
osteoporosis and an increased risk of fractures.…read more

Slide 6

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Risk factors
· There are a number of factors that increase chances of getting
· Low calcium intake
· Lack of physical activity
· Family History (thin build)
· Smoking
· Drinking
· High caffeine intake
· Use of some medications
· Anorexia Nervosa
However, Osteoporosis is a silent disease which means that
you don't know you've got it until a bump or a fall causes you
to break a bone.…read more

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