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· Biographical Facts
· He was born in Dublin on 16th October 1854.
· He had two other siblings, an older brother called William and a
younger sister called Isola. His dad (William Robert Wills Wilde) was a
surgeon and his mother Jane Francesca Agnes) was a writer.
· Wilde's mother was a famous poet and nationalist at the time, and his
father was a successful surgeon who was knighted in 1864.
· Wilde was imprisoned after being charged with 'gross indecency' of
homosexual acts, which lead to the loss of custody of his two sons with
Constance Mary Lloyd. He left prison penniless and reunited with his
friend of many years, Canadian journalist Robert Baldwin Ross.
· Wilde died of meningitis on 30th November 1900, aged 46, and was
buried in Bagneaux Cemetary encased in quicklime so the corspe would
decompose to only bones, due to the temporary lease of the plot. He now
rests in Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris and Ross' ashes were added to
it in 1950.
· The 19th century was transformed by the industrial revolution,
however this led to more poverty.
· The abolition of the Buggery Act 1533 in 1861 removed the death
penalty for homosexuality, however male homosexual acts remained an
offence and were punishable by imprisonment. In 1885, the law was
extended to include any type of sexual activity between males as
· Wilde's writings such as 'Dorian Gray' which was based around the
theme of homoeroticism brought much controversy at the time due to
the religious beliefs and laws of the time. Despite those who slandered
him, his plays were a success for their style and humour.
· Wilde was an inspirational dramatist, poet and author, thus has
influenced many other authors, and his plays have been translated in
many different languages. His quotes and epigrams remain famous to
· The importance of being earnest
· The play is a satire of the victorian era which illuminates on the code of
conducts in which governed everything, with the most important rules
applying to marriage. Wilde took a great interest in this in his plays,