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Organic Chemistry- Isomerism

The isomers start with, structural isomers with a different arrangement of the carbon skeleton,
different positions of functional groups and different functional groups.

Stereoisomers are arranged
differently in space, so there is e/z isomerism where there is no rotation around the double bond, z
(cis) have similar…

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The hydrogen cyanide is a weak acid and dissociates in water to form H+ and CN-. The hydrogen
cyanide is a very toxic gas and is mixed with potassium cyanide to reduce the risk. The molecule
formed also is an enantiomer and when complete will produce a racemic mixture to…

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Oxidation of alcohols and aldehydes with acidified potassium dichromate by reflux creates carboxylic
acids.

Hydrolysis of nitriles forms carboxylic acids by refluxing the nitrile with dilute hydrochloric acid and
then distil of the carboxylic acid.

Carboxylic acids react with alkalis and carbonates to form salts. CH3COOH + NaOH->CH3COO-Na+
+H20. With…

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