Organic Chemistry Reactions

Alkenes, alkanes, alcohols, esters.....

A mind map showing the reactions linking all the different types of molecules found in organic chemistry. Shows the required names of processes, reactants and conditions involved.

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  • Created by: Charlotte
  • Created on: 12-04-13 21:32
Preview of Organic Chemistry Reactions

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+ H2 (g) ADDITION
ALKANE Ni catalyst, 150°c ALKENE POLYMERISATION POLY (ALKANE)
C­C C=C (C ­ C) n
DEHYDRATION
RADICAL
Conc. H2SO4
(In excess)
+ H2O (g) SUBSTITUTION
catalyst
COMBUSTION + O2 (g)
Phosphoric acid + Halogen
catalyst UV Light
NUCLEOPHILIC
COMBUSTION ALCOHOL SUBSTITUTION HALOGENOALKANE
CO2 + H2O
+ O2 (g) ROH ­
+ OH (from NaOH) RX
Aqueous conditions,
heat
ESTERIFICATION
ALDEHYDE KETONE
+ Carboxylic Acid REFLUX FERMENTATION
RCHO RCOR'
H+ catalyst + CO2 (g)
N.B. Tertiary
alcohols cannot
be oxidised
ESTER HYDROLYSIS CARBOXYLIC ACID
SUGAR
RCOOR' RCOOH
KEY:
Reactants RCOR'
Rest of
Conditions carbon
Carbon Functional chain
chain Group

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